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Found 6 results

  1. File Name: Thursday File, 4/3/20104 File Submitter: binghamtondebate File Submitted: 03 Apr 2014 File Category: Thursday Files Resolution: Latin America 4/3/2014 Thursday File Produced by: Joe Leeson-Schatz, Director of Debate at Binghamton University File includes 3 full scenarios: Wages, Patent Reform, and NSA Reform. All claim to be coming up to a vote next week. File also includes generic uniqueness updates and immigration updates. ***WAGES DA***. 2 SHELLS & BLOCK OVs. 3 Short Shell 4 Long Shell 7 Short Shell Overview.. 11 Long Shell Overview.. 14 UNIQUENESS. 17 Will Pass Now.. 18 Pushing Now.. 21 Top of Docket. 25 INTERNALS. 26 PC Key to Wage Increase. 27 ANSWERS TO.. 28 AT: Thumpers. 29 AT: GOP Will Block. 30 AT: Will Kill Jobs. 31 AT: Econ Collapse Doesn’t Cause War. 32 AT: No Brink to Econ Collapse. 34 IMPACT SCENARIOS. 36 Impacts - Economy. 37 Impacts - Sexism.. 39 AFF ANSWERS. 40 Non-Unique - Won’t Pass Now.. 41 Non-Unique - No Chance for Compromise. 42 No Impact - States Solve. 43 Impact Turn - Hurts Economy. 44 ***PATENT REFORM DA***. 46 SHELLS & BLOCK OVs. 47 Short Shell 48 Long Shell 51 Universal Overview.. 55 UNIQUENESS. 56 April 8th Timeframe. 57 Passing. 58 AT: Delay On Vote. 60 INTERNALS. 61 PC Key. 62 Obama Pushing. 63 ANSWERS TO.. 65 AT: Reform Doesn’t Solve. 66 AT: Reform Doesn’t Solve (Fee Shifting). 68 AT: Squo Solves. 69 AT: Courts Solve. 70 AT: XO Solves. 72 IMPACT SCENARIOS. 74 Economic Competitiveness. 75 Green Tech. 77 Nanotech. 81 Nanotech (Health). 87 Pharmaceuticals. 90 AFF ANSWERS. 91 Won’t Pass. 92 Patent Reform Kills Economy. 94 No Impact. 96 ***NSA DA***. 98 SHELL. 99 Universal Shell 100 UNIQUENESS. 102 Will Pass Now.. 103 Obama Pushing Now.. 104 Vote Coming Next Week. 106 ANSWERS TO.. 107 AT: NSA Power Solves Terrorism.. 108 AT: Congressional Action Not Needed. 109 AT: NSA Good. 110 IMPACTS. 111 Civil Liberties. 112 EU Alliance. 114 Environment. 117 UN Credibility. 120 AFF ANSWERS. 121 NSA Regulations Don’t Solve. 122 Impact Turn - Trojan Horse. 124 Impact Turn - Hurts Internet Freedom.. 126 Impact Turn - Terrorism.. 127 ***GENERIC POLITICS***. 130 IMMIGRATION UPDATES. 131 Still On Table. 132 Will Pass Now.. 133 Is Dead. 134 No Impact. 135 NEGATIVE. 136 Obama Popularity On Rise. 137 AT: Obama PC On Venezuela Now.. 138 AFFIRMATIVE. 139 No PC Now.. 140 Obama Spending PC On Latin America Now.. 142 LINKS & LINK TURNS. 143 Engagement Popular. 144 Click here to download this file
  2. Version Thursday File, Regular V

    4/3/2014 Thursday File Produced by: Joe Leeson-Schatz, Director of Debate at Binghamton University File includes 3 full scenarios: Wages, Patent Reform, and NSA Reform. All claim to be coming up to a vote next week. File also includes generic uniqueness updates and immigration updates. ***WAGES DA***. 2 SHELLS & BLOCK OVs. 3 Short Shell 4 Long Shell 7 Short Shell Overview.. 11 Long Shell Overview.. 14 UNIQUENESS. 17 Will Pass Now.. 18 Pushing Now.. 21 Top of Docket. 25 INTERNALS. 26 PC Key to Wage Increase. 27 ANSWERS TO.. 28 AT: Thumpers. 29 AT: GOP Will Block. 30 AT: Will Kill Jobs. 31 AT: Econ Collapse Doesn’t Cause War. 32 AT: No Brink to Econ Collapse. 34 IMPACT SCENARIOS. 36 Impacts - Economy. 37 Impacts - Sexism.. 39 AFF ANSWERS. 40 Non-Unique - Won’t Pass Now.. 41 Non-Unique - No Chance for Compromise. 42 No Impact - States Solve. 43 Impact Turn - Hurts Economy. 44 ***PATENT REFORM DA***. 46 SHELLS & BLOCK OVs. 47 Short Shell 48 Long Shell 51 Universal Overview.. 55 UNIQUENESS. 56 April 8th Timeframe. 57 Passing. 58 AT: Delay On Vote. 60 INTERNALS. 61 PC Key. 62 Obama Pushing. 63 ANSWERS TO.. 65 AT: Reform Doesn’t Solve. 66 AT: Reform Doesn’t Solve (Fee Shifting). 68 AT: Squo Solves. 69 AT: Courts Solve. 70 AT: XO Solves. 72 IMPACT SCENARIOS. 74 Economic Competitiveness. 75 Green Tech. 77 Nanotech. 81 Nanotech (Health). 87 Pharmaceuticals. 90 AFF ANSWERS. 91 Won’t Pass. 92 Patent Reform Kills Economy. 94 No Impact. 96 ***NSA DA***. 98 SHELL. 99 Universal Shell 100 UNIQUENESS. 102 Will Pass Now.. 103 Obama Pushing Now.. 104 Vote Coming Next Week. 106 ANSWERS TO.. 107 AT: NSA Power Solves Terrorism.. 108 AT: Congressional Action Not Needed. 109 AT: NSA Good. 110 IMPACTS. 111 Civil Liberties. 112 EU Alliance. 114 Environment. 117 UN Credibility. 120 AFF ANSWERS. 121 NSA Regulations Don’t Solve. 122 Impact Turn - Trojan Horse. 124 Impact Turn - Hurts Internet Freedom.. 126 Impact Turn - Terrorism.. 127 ***GENERIC POLITICS***. 130 IMMIGRATION UPDATES. 131 Still On Table. 132 Will Pass Now.. 133 Is Dead. 134 No Impact. 135 NEGATIVE. 136 Obama Popularity On Rise. 137 AT: Obama PC On Venezuela Now.. 138 AFFIRMATIVE. 139 No PC Now.. 140 Obama Spending PC On Latin America Now.. 142 LINKS & LINK TURNS. 143 Engagement Popular. 144

    10.00 USD

  3. Resolved: Minimum wage laws benefit the United States economy The NCFL always has interesting topics, and this one is no different. I think the core subject of the resolution – the minimum wage – is timely, interesting, and academically rich as a subject for debate. The literature surrounding the minimum wage will be educational for most debaters, and may resonate with the personal situations many debaters find themselves in. Understanding both the common arguments and economic nuances of this debate will equip debaters with the tools to participate broadly in public discussions of the minimum wage. Defining Minimum Wage What is the minimum wage? Three important considerations when defining it: It's a floor. The minimum wage is the base payment per hour that employers can pay employees. It's important to note that this rate is a floor, not a ceiling – employers can voluntarily choose to pay employees more than the minimum wage, but cannot pay less than it. It's statutorily set. The minimum wage is determined by a series of local, state, and federal laws which set an hourly rate. The present federal minimum wage is $7.25, though many states choose to set a higher base minimum wage. The highest set wage matters. In practical terms, states may not set a minimum wage lower than the federal wage since companies which paid such a lower wage would still be subject to prosecution for violating federal laws, if not state laws. In that same vein, when states set a minimum wage which is higher than the federal minimum, companies operating in areas governed by those state laws have to pay the higher amount. For example, the minimum wage in the state I live in – Florida – is $7.93 per hour. If a company operating in Florida paid the federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour, they would be fine in federal terms but could be sued for violating state laws. As such, companies must pay the highest minimum wage legally set for the areas in which they operate. Continue reading
  4. Kenneth Waltz revolutionized the way international relations scholars approach conflict in international relations theory with his 1959 book "Man, the State, and War". Waltz claimed that theories fell into one of three explanations; government-level explanations, individual-level explanations, and system-level explanations. He noted that explanations of war were more or less persuasive depending on the actor in focus (or "unit of analysis"). Focusing on different actors at different levels could obscure or highlight different problems related to war theorizing. The "units of analysis" concept has utility outside of conflict theory. The debate over minimum wage is overwhelmingly discussed in terms of its impact on individual people. Proponents of the minimum wage tend to argue that it will help individual people escape poverty, that peoples' spending will spur growth, and people will not lose jobs from the minimum wage. Opponents of the minimum wage tend to frame their impact articulation in similar terms – people will lose jobs, people will spend less, people's job quality will decrease. As with war theory, focusing exclusively on individuals as the unit of analysis has analytical limitations. This article will begin with a different starting point and a different unit of analysis – the business. While businesses are discussed in the minimum wage literature, they are usually a secondary afterthought relevant to the extent they impact people; more/fewer people are employed by businesses, people will leave/stay at their business, and the like. Instead of treating the business as an afterthought, this article will foreground the business and outline a framework that amounts to "business impacts first". Continue Reading
  5. File Name: Thursday File, 4/10/20104 File Submitter: binghamtondebate File Submitted: 10 Apr 2014 File Category: Thursday Files Resolution: Latin America This Thursday file includes a whole new scenario on the Middle East Peace Process as well as an Immigration Reform DA. In addition, it includes updates on patent reform, minimum wage, tpp, and nsa. As a bonus the file includes a Delay CP (which will solve for all the politics scenarios since most votes are coming up within the next week or so) as well as a DeDev impact turn frontline (since a lot of politics impact scenarios are the economy). The file was made by Joe Leeson-Schatz, Director of Debate at Binghamton University ***PEACE PROCESS DA***. 2 SHELLS & OVERVIEWS. 3 1NC SHELL. 4 Block Overview.. 8 UNIQUENESS. 9 Uniqueness. 10 ANSWERS TO.. 12 AT: No Brink. 13 AT: Peace Talks Dead. 14 AT: Peace Process Fails. 15 AT: US Involvement Irrelevant. 17 AT: No Timeframe. 19 AT: Can Focus On Multiple Things. 20 AT: Plan Is Irrelevant. 22 AT: No Risk of Escalation. 23 LINKS. 24 Cuba. 25 Venezuela. 26 Mexico. 27 IMPACTS. 28 Iranian Proliferation. 29 Terrorism.. 30 UN Credibility. 31 AFF ANSWERS. 32 Peace Talks Dead. 33 AT: Kerry Says Talks Alive. 35 Palestinians Won’t Negotiate. 36 Peace Talks Bad. 37 ***IMMIGRATION***. 38 SHELLS & OVERVIEWS. 39 1NC Shell 40 UNIQUENESS. 43 Passing Now.. 44 Obama Using PC Now.. 46 Bipartisan Support Now.. 47 ANSWERS TO.. 48 AT: GOP Will Block. 49 AT: Don’t Need Congressional Action. 51 AT: Executive Order Solves. 52 AT: Backlog Prevents Solvency. 53 IMPACTS. 54 Economy. 55 Latin America. 57 Civil Rights. 58 AFF ANSWERS. 59 Won’t Pass. 60 Not Obama’s Agenda. 62 Obama’s PC Use is Bad. 63 ***TPP DA***. 64 UNIQUENESS. 65 April 24th Timeframe. 66 Final Stages Now.. 67 INTERNALS. 68 Congressional Support K2 Passage. 69 Focus Needed for Passage. 71 IMPACTS. 72 Asian Hegemony. 73 AFF ANSWERS. 74 Won’t Pass. 75 Impact Turns. 78 ***MINIMUM WAGE***. 79 UNIQUENESS. 80 Will Pass Now.. 81 April 28th. 82 ANSWERS TO.. 83 AT: Increase Bad for Economy. 84 AT: PC Not Key to Passage. 86 AFF ANSWERS. 87 Won’t Pass. 88 Raise Kills Jobs. 89 No Impact. 91 ***PATENT REFORM***. 92 UNIQUENESS. 93 Will Pass Now.. 94 ANSWERS TO.. 96 AT: Don’t Need Congressional Action. 97 IMPACTS. 98 Economy. 99 AFF ANSWERS. 100 Won’t Pass. 101 Delayed Again. 102 ***NSA REFORM***. 103 UNIQUENESS. 104 NSA Reforms Being Pushed Now.. 105 ANSWERS TO.. 106 AT: XO Solves. 107 AFF ANSWERS. 108 Won’t Pass. 109 Obama’s Proposal Meaningless. 110 Don’t Need Congressional Action. 112 ***GENERIC POLITICS***. 113 ECONOMY UPDATES. 114 Global Economy Strong Now.. 115 Economy Impacts. 116 DeDev Impact Turn. 118 INTERNALS DEBATE. 123 AT: Winners Win. 124 PC IRRELEVANT. 125 Obama Can’t Pass Anything. 126 ***DELAY CP***. 127 SHELL & NOTES. 128 1NC Shell 129 Notes. 130 ANSWERS TO.. 131 AT: Delay CP Bad. 132 AT: Perm – Do Plan In a Month. 135 AT: Perm – Do Both. 136 AT: Timeframe to Solvency Deficit. 137 ADDITIONAL NEG CARDS. 138 Delay K2 Foreign Policy Education. 139 Delay K2 Policy Education. 141 Resolved Means Immediate 142 Click here to download this file
  6. Version Regular

    This Thursday file includes a whole new scenario on the Middle East Peace Process as well as an Immigration Reform DA. In addition, it includes updates on patent reform, minimum wage, tpp, and nsa. As a bonus the file includes a Delay CP (which will solve for all the politics scenarios since most votes are coming up within the next week or so) as well as a DeDev impact turn frontline (since a lot of politics impact scenarios are the economy). The file was made by Joe Leeson-Schatz, Director of Debate at Binghamton University ***PEACE PROCESS DA***. 2 SHELLS & OVERVIEWS. 3 1NC SHELL. 4 Block Overview.. 8 UNIQUENESS. 9 Uniqueness. 10 ANSWERS TO.. 12 AT: No Brink. 13 AT: Peace Talks Dead. 14 AT: Peace Process Fails. 15 AT: US Involvement Irrelevant. 17 AT: No Timeframe. 19 AT: Can Focus On Multiple Things. 20 AT: Plan Is Irrelevant. 22 AT: No Risk of Escalation. 23 LINKS. 24 Cuba. 25 Venezuela. 26 Mexico. 27 IMPACTS. 28 Iranian Proliferation. 29 Terrorism.. 30 UN Credibility. 31 AFF ANSWERS. 32 Peace Talks Dead. 33 AT: Kerry Says Talks Alive. 35 Palestinians Won’t Negotiate. 36 Peace Talks Bad. 37 ***IMMIGRATION***. 38 SHELLS & OVERVIEWS. 39 1NC Shell 40 UNIQUENESS. 43 Passing Now.. 44 Obama Using PC Now.. 46 Bipartisan Support Now.. 47 ANSWERS TO.. 48 AT: GOP Will Block. 49 AT: Don’t Need Congressional Action. 51 AT: Executive Order Solves. 52 AT: Backlog Prevents Solvency. 53 IMPACTS. 54 Economy. 55 Latin America. 57 Civil Rights. 58 AFF ANSWERS. 59 Won’t Pass. 60 Not Obama’s Agenda. 62 Obama’s PC Use is Bad. 63 ***TPP DA***. 64 UNIQUENESS. 65 April 24th Timeframe. 66 Final Stages Now.. 67 INTERNALS. 68 Congressional Support K2 Passage. 69 Focus Needed for Passage. 71 IMPACTS. 72 Asian Hegemony. 73 AFF ANSWERS. 74 Won’t Pass. 75 Impact Turns. 78 ***MINIMUM WAGE***. 79 UNIQUENESS. 80 Will Pass Now.. 81 April 28th. 82 ANSWERS TO.. 83 AT: Increase Bad for Economy. 84 AT: PC Not Key to Passage. 86 AFF ANSWERS. 87 Won’t Pass. 88 Raise Kills Jobs. 89 No Impact. 91 ***PATENT REFORM***. 92 UNIQUENESS. 93 Will Pass Now.. 94 ANSWERS TO.. 96 AT: Don’t Need Congressional Action. 97 IMPACTS. 98 Economy. 99 AFF ANSWERS. 100 Won’t Pass. 101 Delayed Again. 102 ***NSA REFORM***. 103 UNIQUENESS. 104 NSA Reforms Being Pushed Now.. 105 ANSWERS TO.. 106 AT: XO Solves. 107 AFF ANSWERS. 108 Won’t Pass. 109 Obama’s Proposal Meaningless. 110 Don’t Need Congressional Action. 112 ***GENERIC POLITICS***. 113 ECONOMY UPDATES. 114 Global Economy Strong Now.. 115 Economy Impacts. 116 DeDev Impact Turn. 118 INTERNALS DEBATE. 123 AT: Winners Win. 124 PC IRRELEVANT. 125 Obama Can’t Pass Anything. 126 ***DELAY CP***. 127 SHELL & NOTES. 128 1NC Shell 129 Notes. 130 ANSWERS TO.. 131 AT: Delay CP Bad. 132 AT: Perm – Do Plan In a Month. 135 AT: Perm – Do Both. 136 AT: Timeframe to Solvency Deficit. 137 ADDITIONAL NEG CARDS. 138 Delay K2 Foreign Policy Education. 139 Delay K2 Policy Education. 141 Resolved Means Immediate 142

    10.00 USD

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