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About CarlaR

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    2Ns have more fun
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  1. THAT REMINDS ME. We have a team here that reads arguments like "hasty generalization" (which they abbreviate hasty g) "presumption busters" and "void for vagueness" when they're neg. Not only are these awful arguments, but the names they gave them, I repeat HASTY G and PRESUMPTION BUSTER, makes it worse. Also they never actually read any offcase that links to the aff and they somehow end up going for 8 off in the 2Nr.
  2. CarlaR

    The NDT 2015

    Emory KL is currently in octos and I couldn't be happier.
  3. I've had such a blast this year and I don't know how I'll cope without debate for two months until camp. That being said, I've also done plenty of incredibly idiotic things--both strategy wise and just in general. My favorite memory will forever be that of the state tournament this year. There's this incredibly attractive and talented debater that we hit round 2. We were aff and they were taking prep before the neg block. I went over to their table to grab my flashdrive back and was very cautious to not disturb them while they were so dialed in. Naturally, I, being a klutz, knocked the flashdrive off of the table and into his backpack. Again, I didn't want to bother him so I just decided I would reach into his backpack super quickly and take it. Unfortunately it had fallen into the very bottom so there I was rummaging through his backpack while he stared at me and asked what I was doing. Then my most memorable strategy fail would be losing so bad that when I was asked what the alt does in cross-x I said "nothing" and then sat down. Soooo.... What have you all done?
  4. Yes, that will CERTAINLY not be missed. Along with T EEZ, AUVs, and LOST. On the other hand I will miss Cthulhu and long discussions about sea turtles quite dearly.
  5. For the most part I understand diversionary theory. I however do struggle with answering the Royal 10 impact against good teams that actually know what they're talking about. They'll usually provide world war 2 as an example of a diversionary war, or Russia invading Georgia and it is very appealing, especially to lay judges. If anyone has any suggestions/ ideas they would be greatly appreciated.
  6. Also in crossex ask if space is a frontier and why we didn't see the impacts of the K when we ventured into space.
  7. American frontierism sets the foundation for global democracy Monten 5 – M.A. Security Studies at Georgetown University, (Johnathan, “The Roots of the Bush Doctrine: Power, Nationalism, and Democracy Promotion in U.S. Strategy”, International Security, Volume 29, Number 4, Spring 2005, pgs. 112-156, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/ins/summary/v029/29.4monten.html, RSpec) Although a radical departure in many other respects, the current U.S. grand strategy's privileging of liberalism and democracy falls squarely within the mainstream of American diplomatic traditions. For reasons unique to the American political experience, U.S. nationalism—that is, the factors that define and differentiate the United States as a self-contained political community—has historically been defined in terms of both adherence to a set of liberal, universal political ideals and a perceived obligation to spread those norms internationally. The concept of the United States as agent of historical transformation and liberal change in the international system therefore informs almost the entire history of U.S. foreign policy. As Jeanne Kirkpatrick has observed, no modern idea "holds greater sway in the minds of educated Americans than the belief that it is possible to democratize governments anytime, anywhere, and under any circumstances." Or as Thomas Paine wrote to George Washington in the dedication of The Rights of Man, the United States was founded to see "the New World regenerate the Old." Democracy promotion is not just another foreign policy instrument or idealist diversion; it is central to U.S. political identity and sense of national purpose.
  8. CarlaR

    TPA Uniqueness

    Oops I hadn't realized somebody else had already started a post on this issue. My apologizes
  9. CarlaR

    TPA Uniqueness

    Hey friends, I can't find uniqueness to save my life. If anyone has a card (preferably from after the middle of February) or even just an URL that they're willing to share would be wonderful. All help is greatly appreciated. Thanks
  10. I did Gonzaga's two week program last year and although it wasn't super long looking back there is no way that my season would have been as successful as it was if I hadn't gone. Policy debate made little to no sense in my mind before camp and this year I debated varsity on the national circuit and ended with a 3-3 record at the majority of them. I'm returning to Gonzaga for five weeks this summer as there are so many things I love about that camp. I understand a three week program would be most ideal for you in which case Michigan has a great three week program.
  11. Hey all I always struggle with answering perm double bind arguments from the aff in my 2nc. I usually say stuff like "rejecting frontierism in every instance is key" (because it's a frontier K). If anyone has any advise on what could be said or done differently that would help a bunch.
  12. I'm unsure as to exactly what you're looking for friend. My partner and I ran an exploration aff once upon a time and we told people it cost around 300 million. Sadly I can't find any cards with an exact price estimation. Here is what I do have. Hope one of these is useful! US has deep sea tech- just needs funding Mclain 2012 (Craig McClain—Assistant Director of Science for the National Evolutionary Synthesis Center; Deep Sea News; “We Need an Ocean NASA NowPt.1”; http://deepseanews.com/2012/10/we-need-an-ocean-nasa-now-pt-1/; October 16th, 2012) Our nation faces a pivotal moment in exploration of the oceans. The most remote regions of the deep oceans should be more accessible now than ever due to engineering and technological advances. What limits our exploration of the oceans is not imagination or technology but funding. We as a society started to make a choice: to deprioritize ocean exploration and science. Budget Cuts Green Road Sign image courtesy of Shutterstock In general, science in the U.S. is poorly funded; while the total number of dollars spent here is large, we only rank 6th in world in the proportion of gross domestic product invested into research. The outlook for ocean science is even bleaker. In many cases, funding of marine science and exploration, especially for the deep sea, are at historical lows. In others, funding remains stagnant, despite rising costs of equipment and personnel. The Joint Ocean Commission Initiative, a committee comprised of leading ocean scientists, policy makers, and former U.S. secretaries and congressmen, gave the grade of D- to funding of ocean science in the U.S. Recently the Obama Administration proposed to cut the National Undersea Research Program (NURP) within NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a move supported by the Senate. In NOAA’s own words, “NOAA determined that NURP was a lower-priority function within its portfolio of research activities.” Yet, NURP is one of the main suppliers of funding and equipment for ocean exploration, including both submersibles at the Hawaiian Underwater Research Laboratory and the underwater habitat Aquarius. This cut has come despite an overall request for a 3.1% increase in funding for NOAA. Cutting NURP saves a meager $4,000,000 or 1/10 of NOAA’s budget and 1,675 times less than we spend on the Afghan war in just one month. One of the main reasons NOAA argues for cutting funding of NURP is “that other avenues of Federal funding for such activities might be pursued.” However, “other avenues” are fading as well. Some funding for ocean exploration is still available through NOAA’s Ocean Exploration Program. However, the Office of Ocean Exploration, the division that contains NURP, took the second biggest cut of all programs (-16.5%) and is down 33% since 2009. Likewise, U.S. Naval funding for basic research has also diminished. The other main source of funding for deep-sea science in the U.S. is the National Science Foundation which primarily supports biological research through the Biological Oceanography Program. Funding for science within this program remains stagnant, funding larger but fewer grants. 1. Link turn - Ocean exploration has massive economic benefits—the sooner we explore, the sooner we can benefit from themNOAA.gov No Date [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association “Ocean Exploration: What are the benefits” http://www.publicaffairs.noaa.gov/budget02/oar_oceanexplore.html CR] History demonstrates that exploration results in discoveries of great value. For example, the relatively recent discovery of hydrothermal vent communities has resulted in key knowledge not only about geological processes and plate tectonics, but also about biological processes of great potential use in medicine and industry. In turn, these discoveries have shown economic potential in the range of billions of dollars. Enzymes produced by microbes found at these sites have become critical to industries that replicate DNA, new anti-inflammatory drugs are being produced from deep-sea organisms, and new knowledge will allow us to be better stewards of ocean resources. Each trip we take to further reaches of the Earth's oceans has the potential to reveal important information about the origin of life on earth, or new living or non-living resources that may have tremendous potential to improve the quality of life on earth. The sooner we take the step of seriously addressing our lack of understanding of how ocean processes affect life on land, the sooner we will be able to realize the scientific and economic payoffs applicable to a wide variety of societal issues. Ocean Exploration presents possibilities for new solutions to problems we face as we move into the 21st century. Dedicated funding is key to deep ocean exploration. There is a laundry list of benefits that can be achieved, but funding is necessary. Jackson, 2012 [Keith Jackson, Project Management Institute, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, June 1, 2012, http://www.readperiodicals.com/201206/2703629061.html] Though Mr. Cameron's adventure was part publicity stunt, it also highlighted a growing number of projects aimed at creating the infrastructure to investigate the deepest parts of the oceans. The reasons for the renewed interest dive into hot issues: new research on earthquakes and climate change. But not all the projects have such a high-profile sponsor as Mr. Cameron, who lined up backers such as National Geographic and luxury marketer Rolex for his endeavor. Because deep-sea exploration projects don't necessarily have an immediate (Return on Investment) ROI, most organizations are left scrambling for funding leaving many questions unanswered. "I'm sad to say that here we are at the beginning of the 21st century, and we know more about other parts of the solar system than we do our own ocean," says oceanographer Sylvia Earle, PhD, founder of DOER Marine, an Alameda, California, USA-based marine technology company, and explorer in residence at the National Geographic Society. "We have better maps of the moon. Mars and Jupiter than we do of our own ocean floor." The quest for better information about what lies beneath is motivated by more than mere curiosity. Researchers believe there are more than 20 trenches similar to the Mariana, and that these seismically active zones could be a factor in sparking earthquakes.The deep sea may also play a bigger role in the carbon cycle—and therefore in regulating the Earth's climate—than was previously thought. As organic matter from dead flora and fauna sinks to the bottom of the sea, it's trapped by the steep walls of the trench. Because of this, more carbon accumulates at the bottom of trenches than in other parts of the ocean. The value of that type of information helps project teams make the case for deep-sea exploration—now more than ever. "It's a competition against time because of what humans are doing to the ocean and the need for more deepsea research," says DOER Marine's president and CEO Liz Taylor. Deep-dive vessels also could help in disaster-relief efforts. "During the BP oil spill, a manned submersible would've been extremely useful in going down and possibly helping fix the problem sooner or gathering more information," Ms. Taylor explains.
  13. I recently got into GDI on a scholarship of nearly 1/3 of the total price. However, I've never heard of anyone get a scholarship so big they ended up paying little to none. Regardless, it's almost guaranteed that you will get some financial aid. My record was appalling last year yet I still got around 250.00 as a scholarship. Definitely apply for a scholarship and have your coach write you a kickass recommendation letter. You have nothing to lose after all(: I hope everything works out for you!
  14. http://www.texasspeechanddebatecamp.com/policy-lab.html I really love all of these affs. The hadal zone exploration case is very well put together. You will need your 2ac blocks but unlike with other affs, people tend to have some trouble deciding what to run against this--or at least that was the case when I ran it. The best advice I can give you is know your 1ac like the back of your hand. Also, I saw somebody posted the link to the open evidence project. Go ahead and look into Michigan 7 week's japan cp. It's an easy cp to master and they have very good solvency cards for most affs. Looking forward to hearing how your tournament goes!
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