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bencosmef

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  1. 10.00 USD

    Thursday File 3-6

    Thursday File 3-6. 1
    Negative. 5
    Ukraine IMF Package 1NC.. 6
    Yes Passage. 8
    Pol Cap Key. 10
    Ukraine- IMF Reform Package Key. 11
    AFF. 14
    No IMF Reform.. 15
    IMF Reform Not key. 19
    No Immigration Reform.. 20
    Executive Powers Solve. 22
    No Trade Deal 23
    No Tax Reform.. 24
    No Iran Sanctions. 25
    No Minimum Wage. 27
    Yes GOP Midterms. 29
    Healthcare Thumper. 30
    Economy Thumper. 31
    Immigration Reform Thumper. 32
    Democrats Not Mobilized for Midterms. 33
    Ukraine Thumper. 35
    Yes Dems Midterms. 36
    Thursday File 2-27. 39
    NEG—Iran Sanctions. 40
    Top Level 41
    1NC DA.. 42
    2NC OV.. 45
    2NC Credibility. 46
    Uniqueness. 48
    2NC UQ.. 49
    AT: UQ Overwhelms. 51
    AT: Veto. 55
    AT: Reid Blocks. 57
    AT: Fights Now.. 61
    AT: Thumper – Generic. 62
    AT: Thumper – Defense. 64
    Internals. 65
    2NC PC Key. 66
    AT: Winners Win. 68
    Impacts. 69
    2NC Iran Prolif. 70
    2NC North Korea. 76
    AT: No Deal Collapse. 79
    AT: Can’t Trust Iran. 80
    AT: Sanction Key to Iranian Compliance. 81
    AT: Talks Fail 82
    AT: Sanctions Good. 83
    AT: No Strikes. 88
    AT: Waivers. 92
    NEG—Other Bills. 93
    Immigration. 94
    Will Pass. 95
    Minimum Wage. 97
    Will Pass. 98
    Ukraine. 99
    Won’t Pass. 100
    AFF—Specifics. 101
    Immigration. 102
    Won’t Pass. 103
    Iran. 104
    Reid Blocks. 105
    2AC Deal Fails. 106
    1AR Deal Fails – Ext. 107
    1AR Deal Fails – AT: Press TV.. 108
    2AC No Prolif. 109
    2AC No Impact. 110
    The debate on Iran. 111
    2AC No Strikes. 112
    1AR No Strikes – Ext. 113
    1AR No Strikes – AT: Kristol 115
    Minimum Wage. 116
    Won’t Pass. 117
    2AC Raise Bad. 118
    1AR Raise Bad – Ext. 119
    1AR Raise Bad – Statistics. 121
    TPA.. 122
    Won’t Pass. 123
    Obama Not Pushing. 124
    AT: Key to Trade. 126
    AFF—Generic. 129
    Thumpers. 130
    Defense Budget. 131
    Tax Reform.. 132
    Winners Win. 133
    2AC W/W... 134
    1AR W/W – Ext. 136
    1AR W/W – Foreign Policy. 138
    1AR W/W – Bargaining. 139
    Confrontation Good. 140
    2AC Fights Good. 141
    1AR Fights Good – Ext. 142
    1AR Fights Good – Inevitable. 144
    PC Fails. 145
    2AC PC Fails. 146
    1AR PC Fails – Ext. 147
    1AR PC Fails – AT: SOTU.. 149
    1AR PC Fails – AT: PC Solves. 150
    Misc Updates. 152
    Midterms. 153
    GOP Lose / Dems Win. 154
    GOP Win / Dems Lose. 155
    Thursday File 2-20-14 [Old]. 157
    *****General 158
    2ac Iran Thumper. 159
    2ac Immigration/Minimum Wage Thumper. 160
    2ac No Pass – Election Year. 161
    *****Immigration. 162
    ***Neg. 163
    Yes Pass. 164
    Yes Obama Push. 165
    at: xo. 167
    ***Aff. 168
    2ac No Pass. 169
    1ar No Pass -- Elections. 170
    1ar No Pass – Path to Citizenship. 172
    1ar No Pass – at: House Dems Force Vote. 175
    *****Iran. 176
    ***Neg. 177
    1nc. 178
    No Pass. 179
    Sanctions Kill Diplomacy. 180
    ***Aff. 181
    2ac Must Have. 182
    2ac UQ Overwhelms the Link. 184
    1ar UQ Overwhelms the Link. 186
    1ar No Vote. 188
    2ac Diplomacy Fails/Sanctions Inevitable. 189
    1ar Diplomacy Fails/Sanctions Inevitable. 190
    *****TPA.. 191
    ***Neg. 192
    1nc Econ. 193
    1nc Asia Pivot. 196
    2nc UQ Wall 199
    2nc Thumpers. 201
    Yes Pass – at: Reid. 202
    Yes Pass – at: Pelosi 204
    Yes Pass – at: Biden. 206
    Yes Pass – PC Key. 207
    Yes Pass – PC Controls UQ.. 212
    Yes Pass – at: no push. 214
    Yes Pass – at: TPP. 216
    2nc at: Minimum Wage Thumper. 217
    2nc at: Iran Thumper. 218
    2nc at: No Impact to TPA.. 219
    2nc TPA k2 Econ. 220
    2nc Impact – Decline = War. 223
    2nc Internal Link – Trade. 226
    2nc Asia Pivot Extension. 227
    2nc Asia Pivot Impact – China War/Asian Stability. 232
    2nc Asia Pivot Impact – Allied Prolif. 235
    AT: Not Reverse Causal 236
    1nc EU soft power. 239
    Territorial Disputes. 241
    Trade Impact – Quick. 243
    1nc War. 244
    The rise in. 245
    Turns Case – Escalation. 246
    Turns Case – Norms. 247
    Turns Case – Terrorism.. 248
    ***Aff. 249
    2ac No Pass. 250
    1ar No Pass. 252
    1ar No Pass – Reid/Pelosi 254
    1ar No Pass – No Vote. 256
    1ar No Pass – Europe. 258
    2ac Thumpers. 259
    1ar Thumpers. 260
    1ar No Push/PC Fails. 261
    1ar No I/L. 263
    2ac No Impact – Trade. 266
    2ac Asia Pivot. 268
    2ac China War. 270
    AT Solves Credibility. 271
    Asia Prolif Inev. 272

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  2. 10.00 USD

    Thursday File 2-6

    This week's Thursday File includes a new immigration reform scenario (plus aff answers), as well as updates for other scenarios.
     
    This week's author is Francisco Becosme, he debated at Wake Forest University where he appeared in the octofinals of Harvard, Texas, and GSU, and was invited to participate in the prestigious Pittsburgh Round Robin. Currently, he is a capitol hill staffer who actually works in this area every day. He has in the past helped the Bronx Science team and has coached numerous successful high school teams.
     
     
    Thursday File 2-6-2014. 2
    Thumpers. 7
    Laundry List Thumper. 8
    Iran Thumper. 9
    Debt Ceiling Thumper. 10
    AT: NSA Thumper. 11
    Yes Political Capital 12
    Immigration Reform.. 13
    Neg – Immigration Reform.. 14
    1NC Immigration Reform.. 15
    Yes Immigration Reform – U 2NC.. 16
    Yes Immigration Reform- Obama Signaled Support 18
    House GOP Compromise. 19
    Yes Immigration Reform- Political Capital Key. 20
    Immigration Reform- Overcome Politics. 21
    Yes Immigration Reform – AT: Election Year. 22
    Yes Immigration Reform - Hispanics. 24
    AT Halting Deportation Immigration Thumper. 25
    Yes Senate Compromise. 26
    Aff- Immigration Reform.. 27
    No Immigration Reform- Timing. 28
    No Immigration Reform – Obama and Enforcement of Border Security. 30
    No Immigration Reform – Republican Political Posturing for Delay. 33
    No Immigration Reform – Election Year and Senate Conference. 34
    No Immigration Reform – Low Obama Trust 35
    No Immigration Reform - Labor. 36
    No Immigration Reform- Republican Divisions. 39
    No Immigration Reform- Republican Opposition. 41
    No Immigration Reform - Obamacare. 42
    No Immigration Reform – Timing of Legal Status. 43
    No Immigration Reform – Paul Ryan. 44
    No Immigration Reform- Obama’s Trust Deficit 45
    No Immigration Reform – Primaries will derail 46
    No Immigration Reform- Distracts from Obamacare. 47
    Obama’s Pol Cap Not Key. 48
    Obama Not Pushing. 49
    Fast-Track Trade Agreement 50
    Yes Fast Trade Trade Agreement 51
    AT: Reid Blocks. 52
    No Fast Track. 53
    Iran Sanctions. 56
    No Iran Sanctions. 57
    Yes Iran Sanctions – Floor Vote. 61
    Debt Ceiling. 63
    Yes Clean Debt Ceiling. 64
    Minimum Wage Increase. 67
    No Minimum Wage. 68
    OLD THURSDAY FILE. 70
    Trade Promotion Authority. 71
    1NC. 72
    Uniqueness. 74
    PC is Key. 76
    Impacts. 80
    Key to Trade. 81
    Key to Jobs. 84
    Key to Trade Leadership. 85
    Key to Trade Agreement Negotiation. 88
    Asian Heg Good – Proliferation. 93
    TPA Key to EU Trade Agreement. 95
    EU Trade Agreement Key to the Economy. 97
    EU Trade Agreement Key to Eurozone. 98
    Eurozone Collapse Impact. 99
    Eurozone Crisis – Hegemony Impact. 101
    Competitiveness. 104
    Economic Decline Impact. 106
    Aff. 108
    No Uniqueness. 109
    Obama not pushing for TPA.. 112
    TPA Bad – Environment. 113
    TPA Bad – Oversight. 116
    Immigration. 119
    Uniqueness. 120
    PC is key. 123
    Tea Party Key. 124
    No Reform Now.. 125
    Minimum Wage. 127
    Uniqueness. 128
    PC Key. 129
    Impacts. 130
    A/T Job Loss. 133
    Affirmative. 134
    Iran Sanctions. 135
    Uniqueness. 136
    Affirmative. 138
    Uniqueness Overwhelms the link. 139
    Debt Ceiling. 141
    Will pass. 142
    Will not pass. 144
    Unemployment. 145
    Negative General 146
    A/T Thumpers. 147
    A/T Political Capital 148
    Executive Order. 149
    Affirmative General 150
    No Political Capital 151
    Thumpers. 152
    Previous Thursday File. 154
    Iran DA.. 155
    Iran (1nc Shell). 156
    Uniqueness Extensions. 158
    UQ Wall: Sanctions Won’t Pass Now.. 159
    UQ: Obama Has Capital 162
    UQ: AT: Obamacare Thumper. 164
    UQ: AT: No Vote. 166
    UQ: AT: Vote A Long Way Off. 168
    UQ: Obama Fighting Off Sanctions Now.. 169
    UQ: Congress Pushing For Sanctions Now.. 171
    UQ: AT: Israel Lobby Means Congress Won’t Cave. 172
    UQ: AT: Veto means UQ overwhelms link. 173
    UQ: Obama Veto Will Hold. 175
    UQ: Now Key Time. 176
    UQ: AT: Centrifuges kill the deal 177
    Internal Links. 178
    Internal Links: Political Capital Key to Fight Off Supporters. 179
    Internal Links: AT: Winners Win. 185
    Internal Links: Democrats Key. 186
    Internal Links: Votes Can Shift. 187
    Impacts. 190
    Impacts: Sanctions = War. 191
    Impacts: Iran Prolif Module. 197
    Impacts: Iran Prolif Bad. 201
    Impacts: AT: Iran will be deterred. 206
    Impacts: AT: Sanctions Can Be Waived. 207
    Impacts: AT: Iran Will Cheat. 210
    Impacts: Sanctions Bad/Diplomacy Works. 211
    Impacts: AT: Sanctions Good. 212
    Impacts: Diplomacy Succeeding Now.. 217
    Impacts: Sanctions Undercut Diplomacy. 219
    Impacts: Sanctions Empower Hardliners. 222
    Impacts: Can Trust Rouhani 225
    Impacts: AT: Khamenei, not Rouhani, is in charge. 226
    Impacts: Deal Solves. 227
    Impacts: Sanctions Kill Unity. 228
    Impacts: AT: North Korea Proves Softline Fails. 229
    Impacts: AT: Terrorism Turn/Sanctions Stop Iran Support of Terrorists. 230
    Impacts: Turn Case Modules. 231
    Impacts: Economy. 232
    Impacts: Hegemony. 233
    Impacts: Laundry List of Countries. 235
    Impacts: Middle East War. 236
    Impacts: Oil Prices. 238
    Impacts: Proliferation. 239
    Impacts: Syria Module. 240
    AFF Answers. 243
    Iran Answers (2ac Front-Line). 244
    1ar: No Vote. 248
    1ar: Political Capital Useless. 249
    1ar: No Capital 250
    1ar: Obamacare Thumper. 251
    1ar: No War. 254
    AFF Answers—Iran Prolif Answers. 255
    Sanctions Good Impact Turns (2ac Front-Line). 256
    Immigration Reform NEG Updates. 259
    Immigration Reform Shell 260
    UQ Wall: Immigration Reform Will Pass Now.. 264
    UQ: Now Key Time. 266
    UQ: AT: Only Piecemeal Reform Will Pass. 267
    UQ: AT: Amnesty Provisions Doom Bill 268
    UQ: Serious Commitment to IR Now.. 269
    UQ: AT: Obama will pass it by executive order. 270
    Impacts: Immigration Reform Key to Economy. 271
    Immigration Reform AFF Answers (2ac). 272
    1ar: Obama Not Pushing Immigration Reform.. 274
    1ar: Immigration Reform Won’t Pass Now.. 275
    Debt Ceiling Answers (2ac). 276
    1ar: Extensions: UQ Overwhelms link. 278
    Midterms Answers. 279
    TPP AFF Answers. 281
    Unemployment Benefits Answers. 282

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  3. 10.00 USD

    Thursday File 1-16

    Table of Contents
    Table of Contents. 1
    NEGATIVE.. 5
    Immigration Reform.. 6
    Immigration Reform 1NC.. 7
    Immigration 2NC.. 9
    Yes Immigration Reform- Compromise. 13
    Yes Immigration Reform- Timing- Primaries. 14
    Yes Immigration Reform- Coalitions. 15
    Yes Immigration Reform- Moderate Republicans. 16
    Yes Immigration Reform- Govt Shutdown. 17
    Yes Immigration Reform- Momentum.. 18
    Yes Immigration Reform- Boehner incremental approach. 19
    Yes Immigration Reform- Chamber of Commerce. 21
    Yes Immigration Reform- Latinos. 22
    Yes Immigration Reform - Generic. 23
    Obama Will Compromise. 24
    Yes Immigration Reform- Senate Republicans. 25
    THUMPERS. 26
    Yes Political Capital 27
    No Political Capital 29
    AT Employment Thumper. 30
    AFF ANSWERS. 31
    AT: Immigration Reform.. 32
    No Immigration Reform- Legislative Calendar. 33
    No Immigration Reform- Conservative Right 34
    No Immgration Reform - Optics. 35
    No Immigration Reform- Obamacare. 36
    A2 Thumpers. 38
    Unemployment Extension. 39
    Yes Iran Sanctions. 42
    Reid Won’t Put Iran Up for a Vote. 43
    No Iran Sanctions. 44
    Reid Will Cave and Put it up for a vote. 47
    Immigration Reform.. 50
    1NC Immigration Reform.. 51
    U- Yes Pass- 2NC.. 53
    U- Yes Pass- Boehner and U.S. Chamber of Commerce. 56
    U- Yes Pass- Republican - Priority. 58
    U- Yes Pass- Boehner Push. 59
    U- Yes Pass- Republicans Support 62
    U- Yes Pass- AT Tea Party. 63
    Top Priority. 64
    AT Elections. 66
    Delay Link. 68
    Obama Pushing Immigration Reform.. 69
    AT No Political Capital – Immigration Reform.. 70
    Iran Sanctions. 71
    1NC Iran Sanctions. 72
    U- 2NC Iran Sanctions Won’t Pass. 74
    U- Uncertain. 75
    Yes Floor Vote. 76
    Thumpers. 77
    General Thumper. 78
    Yes Political Capital 80
    AT Spending Fight Thumper. 81
    AFF ANSWERS. 82
    2AC Immigration Reform.. 83
    1AR- Won’t Pass. 86
    Yes Iran Sanctions. 87
    2AC Tax Reform.. 89
    2AC Unemployment Insurance. 90
    2014 Elections- Republicans Will Win Senate. 97
    Yes Spending Bills. 100
    Previous Thursday File. 101
    Immigration. 102
    1NC.. 103
    Uniqueness. 110
    Geneeral 111
    Obama Pushing Immigration Reform.. 116
    Boehner on board. 117
    A/T NO Political Capital 119
    Top Priority. 120
    Impacts. 121
    Key to Economy. 122
    Prevents Russia & China war. 126
    Prevents War:General 128
    Hegemony. 129
    Econ Impact – Warming. 131
    Affirmative. 132
    Unemployment Benefits. 134
    Uniqueness. 135
    Economy. 137
    Obama pushing UB.. 138
    Top of docket 140
    Democrats pushing UB.. 141
    A/T Unemployment low.. 142
    A/T Quo will increase jobs. 143
    Aff Answers. 144
    Iran. 146
    1NC.. 147
    Sanctions Undermine Nuke Deal 152
    Key to Middle East Peace. 153
    Affirmative Answers. 154
    Midterms. 155
    GOP will take the Senate. 156
    GOP will keep the house. 157
    Midterms Key to Obama’s agenda. 158
    Executive Orders. 159
    Affirmative Answers: General 160
    Thumpers. 161
    Previous Thursday Files. 163
    Negative Cards. 164
    Iran Sanctions Obama Winning. 165
    Congress United. 168
    AT: Debt Ceiling Thumper. 171
    AT: Nominations Thumper. 173
    Political Capital High Now.. 175
    Immigration Reform Will Pass. 176
    Affirmative Cards. 178
    Debt Ceiling Thumper. 179
    Nomination Thumper. 181
    Iran Sanctions Obama Losing. 183
    Political Capital Low Now.. 186
    Thumpers. 188
    Immigration Reform Won’t Pass. 190
    PREVIOUS THURSDAY FILES. 192
    Iran Cards from 12/12. 193
    U 1NC.. 194
    U 2NC.. 196
    AT Democrats Back from Deal 199
    Yes House. 200
    Menendez IL.. 202
    AT Obama Veto. 204
    AT: Johnson Shelved Decision. 205
    AT: HC Thumper. 206
    2NC Impact Overview.. 208
    Turns Hegemony. 214
    Turns US Credibility. 216
    Turns Economy. 217
    Central Asia Impact. 219
    General Nuclear War Impact. 220
    Middle East War Module. 221
    Syria Module. 223
    Impacts: AT: Iran will be deterred. 227
    AT: Can’t Trust Rouhani 228
    AT: Deal Fails. 229
    AT: Sanctions Won’t Hurt Deal 230
    Aff- Iran Sanctions. 234

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  4. 10.00 USD

    Thursday File 1-9

    This week's Thursday file contains a large update for immigration now that Congress is in session. It first bring you all the cards you need to run immigration reform in the new year, and to answer many of the common arguments that are popping up against the DA. In addition for the AFF there are 2AC blocks for Tax reform and unemployment, two other likely scenarios.
     
     
    Thursday File 1-9-2014
    Immigration Reform.. 5
    1NC Immigration Reform.. 6
    U- Yes Pass- 2NC. 7
    U- Yes Pass- Boehner and U.S. Chamber of Commerce. 9
    U- Yes Pass- Republican - Priority. 10
    U- Yes Pass- Boehner Push. 11
    U- Yes Pass- Republicans Support. 13
    U- Yes Pass- AT Tea Party. 14
    Top Priority. 15
    AT Elections. 16
    Delay Link. 18
    Obama Pushing Immigration Reform.. 19
    AT No Political Capital – Immigration Reform.. 20
    Iran Sanctions. 21
    1NC Iran Sanctions. 22
    U- 2NC Iran Sanctions Won’t Pass. 23
    U- Uncertain. 24
    Yes Floor Vote. 25
    Thumpers. 26
    General Thumper. 27
    Yes Political Capital 28
    AT Spending Fight Thumper. 29
    AFF ANSWERS. 30
    2AC Immigration Reform.. 31
    1AR- Won’t Pass. 33
    Yes Iran Sanctions. 34
    2AC Tax Reform.. 36
    2AC Unemployment Insurance. 37
    2014 Elections- Republicans Will Win Senate. 41
    Yes Spending Bills. 43
    Previous Thursday File. 44
    Immigration. 45
    1NC. 46
    Uniqueness. 51
    Geneeral 52
    Obama Pushing Immigration Reform.. 55
    Boehner on board. 56
    A/T NO Political Capital 58
    Top Priority. 59
    Impacts. 60
    Key to Economy. 61
    Prevents Russia & China war. 64
    Prevents War:General 65
    Hegemony. 66
    Econ Impact – Warming. 67
    Affirmative. 68
    Unemployment Benefits. 69
    Uniqueness. 70
    Economy. 72
    Obama pushing UB. 73
    Top of docket. 74
    Democrats pushing UB. 75
    A/T Unemployment low.. 76
    A/T Quo will increase jobs. 77
    Aff Answers. 78
    Iran. 79
    1NC. 80
    Sanctions Undermine Nuke Deal 84
    Key to Middle East Peace. 85
    Affirmative Answers. 86
    Midterms. 87
    GOP will take the Senate. 88
    GOP will keep the house. 89
    Midterms Key to Obama’s agenda. 90
    Executive Orders. 91
    Affirmative Answers: General 92
    Thumpers. 93
    Previous Thursday Files. 94
    Negative Cards. 95
    Iran Sanctions Obama Winning. 96
    Congress United. 98
    AT: Debt Ceiling Thumper. 100
    AT: Nominations Thumper. 101
    Political Capital High Now.. 102
    Immigration Reform Will Pass. 103
    Affirmative Cards. 105
    Debt Ceiling Thumper. 106
    Nomination Thumper. 107
    Iran Sanctions Obama Losing. 108
    Political Capital Low Now.. 110
    Thumpers. 111
    Immigration Reform Won’t Pass. 112
    PREVIOUS THURSDAY FILES. 113
    Iran Cards from 12/12. 114
    U 1NC. 115
    U 2NC. 117
    AT Democrats Back from Deal 119
    Yes House. 120
    Menendez IL. 122
    AT Obama Veto. 123
    AT: Johnson Shelved Decision. 124
    AT: HC Thumper. 125
    2NC Impact Overview.. 126
    Turns Hegemony. 131
    Turns US Credibility. 133
    Turns Economy. 134
    Central Asia Impact. 136
    General Nuclear War Impact. 137
    Middle East War Module. 138
    Syria Module. 140
    Impacts: AT: Iran will be deterred. 143
    AT: Can’t Trust Rouhani 144
    AT: Deal Fails. 145
    AT: Sanctions Won’t Hurt Deal 146
    Aff- Iran Sanctions. 149

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  5. 10.00 USD

    Thursday File 12-12

    This week's Thursday File was a little delayed because the budget deal was still be debating and the best scenario was unknown for much of the day. In the end given the current state of the budget deal the best scenario for this weekend was Iran sanctions. This week's file updates the scenario.
     
    Iran contains a big external impact to most AFFs. Because Obama is trying to prevent legislation it is much more realistic that he is able to do this in the current political climate. The file is primarily update with all the 1NC and 2NC uniqueness cards from today, and the backfile necessary to run the DA.
     
    This week's author is Francisco Becosme, he debated at Wake Forest University where he appeared in the octofinals of Harvard, Texas, and GSU, and was invited to participate in the prestigious Pittsburgh Round Robin. Currently, he is a capitol hill staffer who actually works in this area every day. He has in the past helped the Bronx Science team and has coached numerous successful high school teams.
     
     
    Thursday File 12-12
    U 1NC. 5
    U 2NC. 7
    AT Democrats Back from Deal 9
    Yes House. 10
    Menendez IL. 12
    AT Obama Veto. 13
    AT: Johnson Shelved Decision. 14
    AT: HC Thumper. 15
    2NC Impact Overview.. 16
    Turns Hegemony. 21
    Turns US Credibility. 23
    Turns Economy. 24
    Central Asia Impact. 26
    General Nuclear War Impact. 27
    Middle East War Module. 28
    Syria Module. 30
    Impacts: AT: Iran will be deterred. 33
    AT: Can’t Trust Rouhani 34
    AT: Deal Fails. 35
    AT: Sanctions Won’t Hurt Deal 36
    Aff- Iran Sanctions. 40
    Aff- Budget Deal 42
    No Farm Bill 43
    Yes Farm Bill 45
    No Immigration Reform.. 46
    No Unemployment Insurance Benefits. 49
    Aff- Budget Agreement. 50
    Last week’s Thursday File. 51
    Thursday File – 12/5/13. 52
    Farm Bill 55
    1NC Shell 56
    2NC/1NR Overview.. 59
    2NC/1NR Will Pass. 61
    PC Key. 63
    AT: HC Thumper. 65
    Ext – Key to Food Prices. 66
    A2: Food Impact Defense. 69
    General 72
    High Prices Bad – CCP.. 73
    Russia Impact. 75
    Pakistan Impact. 77
    Moral Obligation Impact. 78
    US Key to Global Food. 79
    Turns Econ. 80
    Iran Sanctions. 82
    Iran Sanctions—1NC Shell 83
    Uniqueness Extensions/Uniqueness. 85
    2NC Impact Overview.. 86
    Turns Hegemony. 91
    Turns US Credibility. 93
    Turns Economy. 94
    Central Asia Impact. 96
    General Nuclear War Impact. 97
    Middle East War Module. 98
    Syria Module. 100
    Impacts: AT: Iran will be deterred. 103
    AT: Can’t Trust Rouhani 104
    AT: Deal Fails. 105
    AT: Sanctions Won’t Hurt Deal 106
    General 109
    Theory. 110
    A2: Bottom of Docket. 111
    A2: Do Both. 112
    A2: Fiat Takes out Link. 113
    A2: Introduction of plan triggers(vote No). 114
    A2: K’s of Politics. 115
    Generic. 116
    Aff. 119
    Top Level 120
    2AC PC Low/Not Key. 121
    PC Low.. 122
    Farm Bill 123
    Won’t Pass. 124
    PC Not Key. 126
    Resource Wars Defense. 127
    Food Security Defense. 129
    Iran Sanctions. 131
    New Sanctions Will Pass. 132
    2AC Iran Prolif Defense. 134
    Ext – No Impact To Prolif. 135
    AT: Prolif Emboldens Iran. 136
    AT: Prolif Leads to Terrorist Handoff. 137
    AT: Prolif Leads to ME Prolif/Spills Over. 138
    Immigration. 139
    Won’t Pass. 140
    A2: PC Key. 141
    1AR PC Not Key. 142
    Obama PC Not Key. 143
    Aging. 144
    Agriculture. 146
    Biotech. 148
    Deficit. 149
    India Relations Impact Answers. 152
    Latin American Relations Impact. 153
    A2: Nye. 155
    Science Diplomacy Impact. 156
    Skilled Worker Impact Answers. 160
    2ac: Skilled Workers Impact Turns. 163
    ENDA.. 164
    Won’t Pass. 165
    AT: Will Pass – Public. 168
    No Impact. 169

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  6. 10.00 USD

    Thursday File 10-10-2013

    Just when it looked like there was no real hope for a politics DA a new proposal is being thrown out to avoid the debt ceiling, and this week our file is up to date on that situation. An 11th hour proposal to raise the debt ceiling temporarily (about 6 weeks) to make time for negotiations and avoid default is now on the table. The proposal itself generated strong gains in the stock market proving just how viable resolving the debt ceiling is. This file was made by not only a great debate mind but also someone who actually works as a Capitol Hill staffer right now. Find out more about the author and file below.
     
    While you might think that the government shutdown means that no politics scenario really has any impact the debt ceiling is really what has been moving markets. The markets went up even after the shutdown; it was only when there was talk about defaulting that they really reacted. The impact scenario for debt ceiling is still very real. Obama actually gave a press conference this week where he indicated that a lot of the executive workarounds are not legally viable damaging a lot of affirmative answers. Finally, it could never be a better time for the link scenario, how bizarre would it be for Obama to try and inject discussions about Latin America into the current debate, he already cancelled 1 foreign policy trip for this very reason.
     
    This week's author is Francisco Becosme, he debated at Wake Forest University where he appeared in the octofinals of Harvard, Texas, and GSU, and was invited to participate in the prestigious Pittsburgh Round Robin. Currently, he is a capitol hill staffer who actually works in this area every day. He has in the past helped the Bronx Science team and has coached numerous successful high school teams.
     
    Table of Contents. 2
    1NC. 6
    U 2NC. 8
    Will Pass- Political Capital 9
    Will Pass- Negotiations. 10
    Will Pass- Rhetoric Shift. 11
    Will Pass- Republicans Will Cave. 13
    Will Pass- Senate Dems. 14
    Will Pass- Senate Republicans. 15
    Will Pass/Pol Cap Key- Public Opinion. 16
    Obama is Spending Political Capital 17
    A2 Obama Won’t Negotiate. 18
    A2 No Political Capital 19
    Pol Cap Key. 22
    Single Focus IL. 24
    AT XO Solves. 25
    AT: Treasury Solves. 27
    Yes Econ Collapse—Default. 28
    Yes Economic Collapse. 31
    AT: Shutdown Good—Debt Ceiling. 34
    AT: Shutdown Good—Gridlock. 36
    AT: No default (mitchell). 37
    AT: Economy Resilient. 39
    ***2NC Overview***. 42
    Link Alone Turns Case. 46
    General/Engagement. 47
    Democracy. 50
    Latin Relations. 52
    Mexico. 53
    Trade/Protectionism.. 54
    2nc food prices impact. 57
    2NC Cyber. 59
    2NC Oil Spills. 61
    Aff. 64
    Won’t Pass. 65
    Political Capital Fails. 67
    Pol Cap Not Key. 68
    No Default- Treasury Checks. 70
    **Last TF Politics 1NC’s**. 72
    Bully Pulpit 1NC. 73
    Party Unity 1NC. 77
    Bully Pulpit 2NC Mechanics. 81
    Bully Pulpit Key. 82
    A2: Not Using Bully Pulpit. 84
    2NC Delay Link. 85
    A2: Compromise/GOP win Link Turn. 86
    A2: Negotiations Solve. 87
    A2: Obama Not Negotiating. 89
    Party Unity 2NC Mechanics. 90
    Dem Unity Now.. 91
    2NC Uniqueness. 92
    Will Pass- Boehner. 93
    Will Pass- Budget $. 94
    A2: Thumpers Generic. 95
    A2: CR Thumper. 96
    A2: Obamacare thumper. 98
    A2: Uniqueness Overwhelms Link. 99
    A2: No Pass-Revenue. 100
    A2: Discharge Petition. 101
    2NC Links. 102
    Focus Key. 103
    Negotiation Key(Don’t read unless making own scenario). 104
    A2: No PC. 105
    2NC Impacts. 106
    A2: 14th amendment solves. 107
    A2: CR Solves Debt Ceiling Impact. 108
    AT: Other Unilat Action S. 109
    A2: Treasury Solves. 110
    A2: Shutdown Thumps. 111
    A2: Just Recession. 112
    Default Bad - Credit Rating. 113
    Default Bad - Dollar. 115
    Default Bad – Econ. 116
    Econ Decline = War. 119
    Econ Leadership – 2NC. 121
    Spending Cuts Bad – Hege 2NC. 122
    Spending Cuts Bad – Military Cuts Internals. 123
    Yes Spending Cuts. 124
    Military Cuts Impact Ext. - Hegemony. 126
    Military Cuts Impact – Economy Module 2NC. 128
    Spending Cuts Bad - Agencies. 130
    2NC- Food Crisis Impact. 133
    PC Mechanics. 135
    AT: Dickinson. 136
    AT: Winners Win. 138
    Aff. 139
    Generic Aff. 140
    A2: Boehner Weak. 141
    Boehner No PC. 142
    PC Wrong – 2AC. 143
    Winners Win – 2AC. 144
    Winners Win – 1AR. 145
    PC Low.. 146
    A2: Debt Ceiling. 147
    Uniqueness Overwhelms the Link. 148
    1AR Uniqueness O/W the Link. 149
    Won’t Pass. 150
    A2: Business Solves. 151
    A2: Bipartisanship Link. 152
    A2: Negotiations Solve. 153
    A2: Obama Meeting. 155
    A2: PC/Bully Pulpit. 156
    No Impact-Creditors. 157
    No Impact-Obama. 158
    No Impact-Payment. 159
    PC Not Key. 160
    PC Low.. 161
    Concession Link Turn. 162
    A2: Shutdown. 163
    A2: Military Impact. 164
    A2: Immigration. 165
    Won’t Pass. 166
    A2: Farm Bill 167
    No Pass. 168
    Already Expired. 169
    Table of Contents. 2
    1NC. 6
    U 2NC. 8
    Will Pass- Political Capital 9
    Will Pass- Negotiations. 10
    Will Pass- Rhetoric Shift. 11
    Will Pass- Republicans Will Cave. 13
    Will Pass- Senate Dems. 14
    Will Pass- Senate Republicans. 15
    Will Pass/Pol Cap Key- Public Opinion. 16
    Obama is Spending Political Capital 17
    A2 Obama Won’t Negotiate. 18
    A2 No Political Capital 19
    Pol Cap Key. 22
    Single Focus IL. 24
    AT XO Solves. 25
    AT: Treasury Solves. 27
    Yes Econ Collapse—Default. 28
    Yes Economic Collapse. 31
    AT: Shutdown Good—Debt Ceiling. 34
    AT: Shutdown Good—Gridlock. 36
    AT: No default (mitchell). 37
    AT: Economy Resilient. 39
    ***2NC Overview***. 42
    Link Alone Turns Case. 46
    General/Engagement. 47
    Democracy. 50
    Latin Relations. 52
    Mexico. 53
    Trade/Protectionism.. 54
    2nc food prices impact. 57
    2NC Cyber. 59
    2NC Oil Spills. 61
    Aff. 64
    Won’t Pass. 65
    Political Capital Fails. 67
    Pol Cap Not Key. 68
    No Default- Treasury Checks. 70
    **Last TF Politics 1NC’s**. 72
    Bully Pulpit 1NC. 73
    Party Unity 1NC. 77
    Bully Pulpit 2NC Mechanics. 81
    Bully Pulpit Key. 82
    A2: Not Using Bully Pulpit. 84
    2NC Delay Link. 85
    A2: Compromise/GOP win Link Turn. 86
    A2: Negotiations Solve. 87
    A2: Obama Not Negotiating. 89
    Party Unity 2NC Mechanics. 90
    Dem Unity Now.. 91
    2NC Uniqueness. 92
    Will Pass- Boehner. 93
    Will Pass- Budget $. 94
    A2: Thumpers Generic. 95
    A2: CR Thumper. 96
    A2: Obamacare thumper. 98
    A2: Uniqueness Overwhelms Link. 99
    A2: No Pass-Revenue. 100
    A2: Discharge Petition. 101
    2NC Links. 102
    Focus Key. 103
    Negotiation Key(Don’t read unless making own scenario). 104
    A2: No PC. 105
    2NC Impacts. 106
    A2: 14th amendment solves. 107
    A2: CR Solves Debt Ceiling Impact. 108
    AT: Other Unilat Action S. 109
    A2: Treasury Solves. 110
    A2: Shutdown Thumps. 111
    A2: Just Recession. 112
    Default Bad - Credit Rating. 113
    Default Bad - Dollar. 115
    Default Bad – Econ. 116
    Econ Decline = War. 119
    Econ Leadership – 2NC. 121
    Spending Cuts Bad – Hege 2NC. 122
    Spending Cuts Bad – Military Cuts Internals. 123
    Yes Spending Cuts. 124
    Military Cuts Impact Ext. - Hegemony. 126
    Military Cuts Impact – Economy Module 2NC. 128
    Spending Cuts Bad - Agencies. 130
    2NC- Food Crisis Impact. 133
    PC Mechanics. 135
    AT: Dickinson. 136
    AT: Winners Win. 138
    Aff. 139
    Generic Aff. 140
    A2: Boehner Weak. 141
    Boehner No PC. 142
    PC Wrong – 2AC. 143
    Winners Win – 2AC. 144
    Winners Win – 1AR. 145
    PC Low.. 146
    A2: Debt Ceiling. 147
    Uniqueness Overwhelms the Link. 148
    1AR Uniqueness O/W the Link. 149
    Won’t Pass. 150
    A2: Business Solves. 151
    A2: Bipartisanship Link. 152
    A2: Negotiations Solve. 153
    A2: Obama Meeting. 155
    A2: PC/Bully Pulpit. 156
    No Impact-Creditors. 157
    No Impact-Obama. 158
    No Impact-Payment. 159
    PC Not Key. 160
    PC Low.. 161
    Concession Link Turn. 162
    A2: Shutdown. 163
    A2: Military Impact. 164
    A2: Immigration. 165
    Won’t Pass. 166
    A2: Farm Bill 167
    No Pass. 168
    Already Expired. 169
    Table of Contents. 2
    1NC. 6
    U 2NC. 8
    Will Pass- Political Capital 9
    Will Pass- Negotiations. 10
    Will Pass- Rhetoric Shift. 11
    Will Pass- Republicans Will Cave. 13
    Will Pass- Senate Dems. 14
    Will Pass- Senate Republicans. 15
    Will Pass/Pol Cap Key- Public Opinion. 16
    Obama is Spending Political Capital 17
    A2 Obama Won’t Negotiate. 18
    A2 No Political Capital 19
    Pol Cap Key. 22
    Single Focus IL. 24
    AT XO Solves. 25
    AT: Treasury Solves. 27
    Yes Econ Collapse—Default. 28
    Yes Economic Collapse. 31
    AT: Shutdown Good—Debt Ceiling. 34
    AT: Shutdown Good—Gridlock. 36
    AT: No default (mitchell). 37
    AT: Economy Resilient. 39
    ***2NC Overview***. 42
    Link Alone Turns Case. 46
    General/Engagement. 47
    Democracy. 50
    Latin Relations. 52
    Mexico. 53
    Trade/Protectionism.. 54
    2nc food prices impact. 57
    2NC Cyber. 59
    2NC Oil Spills. 61
    Aff. 64
    Won’t Pass. 65
    Political Capital Fails. 67
    Pol Cap Not Key. 68
    No Default- Treasury Checks. 70
    **Last TF Politics 1NC’s**. 72
    Bully Pulpit 1NC. 73
    Party Unity 1NC. 77
    Bully Pulpit 2NC Mechanics. 81
    Bully Pulpit Key. 82
    A2: Not Using Bully Pulpit. 84
    2NC Delay Link. 85
    A2: Compromise/GOP win Link Turn. 86
    A2: Negotiations Solve. 87
    A2: Obama Not Negotiating. 89
    Party Unity 2NC Mechanics. 90
    Dem Unity Now.. 91
    2NC Uniqueness. 92
    Will Pass- Boehner. 93
    Will Pass- Budget $. 94
    A2: Thumpers Generic. 95
    A2: CR Thumper. 96
    A2: Obamacare thumper. 98
    A2: Uniqueness Overwhelms Link. 99
    A2: No Pass-Revenue. 100
    A2: Discharge Petition. 101
    2NC Links. 102
    Focus Key. 103
    Negotiation Key(Don’t read unless making own scenario). 104
    A2: No PC. 105
    2NC Impacts. 106
    A2: 14th amendment solves. 107
    A2: CR Solves Debt Ceiling Impact. 108
    AT: Other Unilat Action S. 109
    A2: Treasury Solves. 110
    A2: Shutdown Thumps. 111
    A2: Just Recession. 112
    Default Bad - Credit Rating. 113
    Default Bad - Dollar. 115
    Default Bad – Econ. 116
    Econ Decline = War. 119
    Econ Leadership – 2NC. 121
    Spending Cuts Bad – Hege 2NC. 122
    Spending Cuts Bad – Military Cuts Internals. 123
    Yes Spending Cuts. 124
    Military Cuts Impact Ext. - Hegemony. 126
    Military Cuts Impact – Economy Module 2NC. 128
    Spending Cuts Bad - Agencies. 130
    2NC- Food Crisis Impact. 133
    PC Mechanics. 135
    AT: Dickinson. 136
    AT: Winners Win. 138
    Aff. 139
    Generic Aff. 140
    A2: Boehner Weak. 141
    Boehner No PC. 142
    PC Wrong – 2AC. 143
    Winners Win – 2AC. 144
    Winners Win – 1AR. 145
    PC Low.. 146
    A2: Debt Ceiling. 147
    Uniqueness Overwhelms the Link. 148
    1AR Uniqueness O/W the Link. 149
    Won’t Pass. 150
    A2: Business Solves. 151
    A2: Bipartisanship Link. 152
    A2: Negotiations Solve. 153
    A2: Obama Meeting. 155
    A2: PC/Bully Pulpit. 156
    No Impact-Creditors. 157
    No Impact-Obama. 158
    No Impact-Payment. 159
    PC Not Key. 160
    PC Low.. 161
    Concession Link Turn. 162
    A2: Shutdown. 163
    A2: Military Impact. 164
    A2: Immigration. 165
    Won’t Pass. 166
    A2: Farm Bill 167
    No Pass. 168
    Already Expired. 169

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  7. 10.00 USD

    Thursday File- 03/14/2013

    This week's Thursday file continues to update two ongoing scenarios. First, it updates the 'budget grand bargain' DA that was in last week's file to give you an economic based DA. Second, it updates the ongoing immigration reform debate. Finally, it has an extensive section of new AFF cards that are recent for political capital fails internal link turns.
     
     
    This week's author is Francisco Becosme, he debated at Wake Forest University where he appeared in the octofinals of Harvard, Texas, and GSU, and was invited to participate in the prestigious Pittsburgh Round Robin. He has in the past helped the Bronx Science team and has coached numerous successful high school teams.
     
    Thursday File-March13,2013.............................................................................................. 1
    Table of Contents................................................................................................................ 2
    1NC Grand Bargain............................................................................................................ 3
    U- Yes Pass........................................................................................................................ 5
    No Grand Bargain............................................................................................................... 7
    No Capital For Grand Bargain............................................................................................ 8
    Immigration Reform 1NC................................................................................................. 11
    U 2NC............................................................................................................................... 12
    U 2NC............................................................................................................................... 13
    U 2NC............................................................................................................................... 14
    AT: Uniqueness overwhelms LInk.................................................................................... 15
    Immigration Reform- Top Issue........................................................................................ 16
    AT: Thumpers................................................................................................................... 17
    Immigration Reform Won’t Pass....................................................................................... 19
    Gun Control Won’t Pass.................................................................................................... 20
    Laundry List Thumper....................................................................................................... 22
    Pol Cap Not Key/ Low....................................................................................................... 23
    Pol Cap Fails..................................................................................................................... 25
    Pol Cap Fails..................................................................................................................... 27
    Pol Cap Fails..................................................................................................................... 29
    Pol Cap Fails..................................................................................................................... 30
    Pol Cap Fails- Generic...................................................................................................... 31
    No Pol Cap........................................................................................................................ 33
    AT: McClatchy.................................................................................................................. 34
    AT: Winners Win............................................................................................................... 35
    LAST WEEK’s File............................................................................................................ 36
    1nc..................................................................................................................................... 37
    Will Pass (1/4)................................................................................................................... 39
    Political Capital Key.......................................................................................................... 43
    Impacts – TURNS CASE................................................................................................. 44
    Impacts – Debt Ceiling—Key to Econ.............................................................................. 45
    Aff...................................................................................................................................... 58
    Immigration Reform.......................................................................................................... 62

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  8. 8.00 USD

    Thursday File- 02/28/2013

    This week's Thursday file focus on uniqueness updates for all major politics scenarios. It includes updates to our ongoing immigration scenario, the sequester debate that is going on, and the gun control debate. It contains many of the interactions between these political fights for use on on the AFF.
     
    This week's author is Francisco Becosme, he debated at Wake Forest University where he appeared in the octofinals of Harvard, Texas, and GSU, and was invited to participate in the prestigious Pittsburgh Round Robin. He has in the past helped the Bronx Science team and has coached numerous successful high school teams.
     
     
    The Thursday File – 2/28/2013
     
    IU 2NC..................................................................................................................................................................... 1
    Top of the Docket.................................................................................................................................................... 2
    AT: Uniqueness Overwhelms Link........................................................................................................................... 2
    Obama Pushing........................................................................................................................................................ 2
    Sequester Thumper................................................................................................................................................... 3
    AT: Sequester Thumper............................................................................................................................................ 3
    Sequestration Won’t Pass......................................................................................................................................... 4
    Immigration Reform- Won’t Pass............................................................................................................................. 5
    No Gun Control........................................................................................................................................................ 5
    Pol Cap Bad For Immigration Reform...................................................................................................................... 6
    Politics (General) AFF................................................................................................................................................ 8
    Politics – Immigration Reform AFF.............................................................................................................................. 9
    Politics – Sequester NEG Uniqueness......................................................................................................................... 9
    Politics – Sequester NEG Impacts............................................................................................................................. 11
    Politics – Sequester AFF Uniqueness........................................................................................................................ 13
    Politics – Sequester AFF........................................................................................................................................... 14
    Politics – Immigration NEG Uniqueness.................................................................................................................... 15
    Politics – Immigration AFF Uniqueness..................................................................................................................... 16
    Politics (General ) NEG Links.................................................................................................................................... 18
    Smart Grid Inherency.............................................................................................................................................. 19
    High Speed Rail Harms............................................................................................................................................. 20
    High Speed Rail Harms............................................................................................................................................. 20
    Cybersecurity Inherency Neg................................................................................................................................... 21
    Cybersecurity Inherency- AFF.................................................................................................................................. 21
    Funding – Tax-Exempt Bonds................................................................................................................................... 22
    Inherency (General).............................................................................................................................................. 22
    Cybersecurity- China............................................................................................................................................... 23
    EXEC ORDER COMMISSION CP-AFF................................................................................................................. 23
     
     
    PREVIOUS FILE
    The Thursday File – 2/14/2013.............................................................................................................................. 25
    The Negatory...................................................................................................................................................... 28
    UQ: Will Pass – Economic Narrative............................................................................................................... 28
    UQ: Will Pass – Generic Agenda..................................................................................................................... 28
    UQ: Will Pass – Generic Immigration.............................................................................................................. 29
    UQ: Will Pass – Generic Pol Cap.................................................................................................................... 29
    UQ: Will Pass – House.................................................................................................................................... 30
    UQ: Will Pass – It’s Close............................................................................................................................... 31
    UQ: Will Pass – Momentum............................................................................................................................ 34
    UQ: Will Pass – Obama................................................................................................................................... 35
    UQ: Will Pass – SOTU Framing...................................................................................................................... 37
    UQ: Will Pass – Window of Opportunity........................................................................................................ 37
    UQ: AT – Budget First.................................................................................................................................... 38
    UQ: AT – Fragmented Bill.............................................................................................................................. 40
    UQ: AT - GOP Opposes Citizenship............................................................................................................... 40
    UQ: AT – Gun Control.................................................................................................................................... 40
    UQ: AT – Inevitable........................................................................................................................................ 41
    UQ: AT – LGBTQ........................................................................................................................................... 41
    UQ: AT – Snapshot Opposition....................................................................................................................... 41
    UQ: AT – SOTU Items.................................................................................................................................... 42
    Link UQ: Infrastructure................................................................................................................................... 43
    Link UQ: AT – SOTU..................................................................................................................................... 43
    Links: Infrastructure Spending........................................................................................................................ 46
    Links: AT – Lobby Link Turns....................................................................................................................... 48
    IL: Aging Crisis............................................................................................................................................... 48
    IL: Competitiveness........................................................................................................................................ 49
    IL: Comprehensive Reform Key..................................................................................................................... 50
    IL: Cyber War................................................................................................................................................. 50
    IL: Deficit....................................................................................................................................................... 51
    IL: Economy................................................................................................................................................... 52
    IL: High-Skilled Workers................................................................................................................................ 54
    IL: India-US Relations..................................................................................................................................... 55
    IL: Latin American Stability............................................................................................................................ 55
    IL: Nuclear Terrorism...................................................................................................................................... 55
    IL: Political Capital Key.................................................................................................................................. 56
    IL: Terrorism................................................................................................................................................... 62
    IL: Visas K/T Economy................................................................................................................................... 63
    Affirmation Side................................................................................................................................................. 64
    Not UQ: Activists, Details............................................................................................................................... 64
    Not UQ: Budget Derails Immigration.............................................................................................................. 64
    Not UQ: Generic Agenda................................................................................................................................ 65
    Not UQ: Immigration Details Battle*............................................................................................................... 65
    Not UQ: Keystone Derails............................................................................................................................... 66
    Not UQ: LGBTQ............................................................................................................................................. 66
    Not UQ: Minimum Wage................................................................................................................................ 67
    Not UQ: Pathway to Citizenship...................................................................................................................... 67
    Not UQ: Timeframe........................................................................................................................................ 67
    Not UQ: Uniqueness Overwhelms.................................................................................................................. 68
    Link U: Transportation Infrastructure Now..................................................................................................... 68
    Link Turns: Construction Lobby..................................................................................................................... 68
    Link Turns: Economy..................................................................................................................................... 69
    Link Turns: Winners Win................................................................................................................................ 69
    IL: Pol Cap Not Key - Immigration................................................................................................................. 70
    IL: Pol Cap Not Finite..................................................................................................................................... 71
    IL: Pol Cap Not Real....................................................................................................................................... 72
    Impact Answers: Aging Crisis......................................................................................................................... 74
    Impact Answers: Econ Framing Bad............................................................................................................... 74
    Impact Answers: Future Obama Wins............................................................................................................. 75
    Impact Answers: Infrastructure K/T Economy................................................................................................ 75
    Impact Answers: Magnet DA Internal Links.................................................................................................... 76
    Previous File........................................................................................................................................................... 77
    Friday Addendum 2/8/2013................................................................................................................................ 77
    Immigration – Will Pass.................................................................................................................................. 77
    2ac nominations thumper................................................................................................................................ 78
    AT: Nomination Thumper............................................................................................................................... 78
    Immigration Reform Shell............................................................................................................................... 81
    Uniqueness Extensions....................................................................................................................................... 84
    UQ: AT: Border Security Conditions............................................................................................................. 105
    UQ: AT: Obama Will Delegate-Won’t Lead on Immigration Reform.......................................................... 106
    UQ: AT: Thumpers....................................................................................................................................... 106
    UQ: AT: Hagel Thumper............................................................................................................................... 112
    UQ: AT: Nominations Thumper.................................................................................................................... 113
    UQ: AT: NLRB Thumper.............................................................................................................................. 114
    UQ: AT: High-Skilled Inevitable/Piecemeal.................................................................................................. 118
    Link Extensions................................................................................................................................................ 119
    2NC Crowd-Out Link*.................................................................................................................................. 123
    Internal Link Extensions................................................................................................................................... 126
    Internals: PC Key/A2 Obama Bad................................................................................................................. 129
    Impacts............................................................................................................................................................. 141
    Impact Overview........................................................................................................................................... 142
    Impact - Ag....................................................................................................................................................... 142
    Agriculture Impact Module........................................................................................................................... 142
    Impact – Alt Energy.......................................................................................................................................... 146
    Alternative Energy Impacts........................................................................................................................... 147
    Environment Impacts.................................................................................................................................... 154
    Hegemony Impact Module............................................................................................................................ 155
    Competitiveness Impacts............................................................................................................................... 156
    Immigration – AT: Impact Turns...................................................................................................................... 238
    AT: Brain Drain Turn.................................................................................................................................... 238
    AT: Overpopulation Turn.............................................................................................................................. 239
    AT: Wages Turn............................................................................................................................................ 241
    Answers to: Theory Arguments....................................................................................................................... 242
    Debt Ceiling NEG Updates............................................................................................................................... 248
    Hagel Nomination NEG Updates...................................................................................................................... 262
    *****AFF Answers*****.................................................................................................................................... 272
    Thumpers + Goodies........................................................................................................................................ 272
    2ac Economy Thumper................................................................................................................................. 272
    2ac gun control thumper............................................................................................................................... 272
    1ar gun control thumper................................................................................................................................ 273
    2ac nomination monster*.............................................................................................................................. 273
    1ar – nominations (CFPB)............................................................................................................................. 274
    2ac winners win*.......................................................................................................................................... 274
    Immigration – Aff – UQ + Link/Internals......................................................................................................... 276
    Immigration Reform Answers: 2ac Front-Line............................................................................................. 276
    2ac: Ag worker shortage impact.................................................................................................................... 287
    1ar: Immigration Reform Won’t Pass............................................................................................................ 291
    1ar: thumpers................................................................................................................................................ 293
    1ar: PC Not Key............................................................................................................................................ 294
    Immigration – Aff – Impact Turns**................................................................................................................ 305
    2ac wages turn.............................................................................................................................................. 305
    1ar wages turn – link..................................................................................................................................... 307
    2ac brain drain turn....................................................................................................................................... 311
    1ar brain drain turn – link............................................................................................................................. 314
    2ac overpopulation turn................................................................................................................................ 316
    1ar overpopulation turn................................................................................................................................. 318
    1ar overpopulation turn: turns econ.............................................................................................................. 320
    1ar overpopulation turn: laundry list............................................................................................................. 320
    1ar overpopulation turn: Framing – Try-or-Die............................................................................................. 322
    1ar overpopulation turn: Link xt................................................................................................................... 322
    1ar overpopulation turn: Link xt – Overshoot............................................................................................... 325
    1ar overpopulation turn: A-to Demographic Transition................................................................................. 326
    1ar overpopulation turn: A-to Efficiency Solves........................................................................................... 327
    1ar overpopulation turn: A-to Ethics............................................................................................................. 327
    1ar overpopulation turn: A-to Other Countries.............................................................................................. 330
    1ar overpopulation turn: A-to Simon............................................................................................................. 331
    1ar overpopulation turn: A-to They Live Cleaner.......................................................................................... 331
    1ar overpopulation turn: A-to Tech Solves.................................................................................................... 332
    1ar overpopulation turn: A-to Impact Turn – Space Col................................................................................ 335
    Budget/Debt – Aff............................................................................................................................................ 336
    2ac................................................................................................................................................................ 336
    1ar – no uq.................................................................................................................................................... 338
    1ar – no impact............................................................................................................................................. 339
    Debt Ceiling Answers.................................................................................................................................... 340
    Cyber-Security – Aff........................................................................................................................................ 345
    2ac cyber-security......................................................................................................................................... 345
    1ar – XO solves............................................................................................................................................ 346
    Gun Control – Aff............................................................................................................................................ 346
    2ac gun control............................................................................................................................................. 347
    AT: Carlsen Ev.............................................................................................................................................. 349
    Gun Control Scenario AFF Answers............................................................................................................. 351
    Warming/Climate – Aff.................................................................................................................................... 356
    Warming Scenario AFF Answers................................................................................................................... 356
    AFF Link Answers............................................................................................................................................ 357

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    Thursday File- 12-13-12

    1NC.......................................................................................................................................................................... 2
    U- 2NC..................................................................................................................................................................... 2
    A2- Rice Thumper.................................................................................................................................................... 5
    A2- Economy’s Already Screwed............................................................................................................................ 6
    2AC- Fiscal Cliff...................................................................................................................................................... 8
    1AR- No Fiscal Cliff................................................................................................................................................ 9
    Rice Thumper......................................................................................................................................................... 10
    No Political Capital................................................................................................................................................. 11
    No Farm Bill........................................................................................................................................................... 12
    No Hurricane Sandy Relief.................................................................................................................................... 14
    ***Last Week Cards***....................................................................................................................................... 14
    Aff......................................................................................................................................................................... 33
    Prior File................................................................................................................................................................. 39
    2NC/1NR Frontlines............................................................................................................................................... 42
    Overview................................................................................................................................................................ 43
    A2: Thumper – Rice............................................................................................................................................... 46
    A2: Thumper – Sandy............................................................................................................................................ 47
    Uniqueness Overview............................................................................................................................................ 48
    A2: No Deal – GOP Taxes..................................................................................................................................... 50
    A2: No Deal – Dems Entitlement........................................................................................................................... 51
    A2: No Deal – Talks Stalled................................................................................................................................... 52
    ---THUMPERS---.................................................................................................................................................... 55
    Thumper – Rice...................................................................................................................................................... 56
    A2: Thumper – Rice............................................................................................................................................... 58
    Thumper – Sandy Aid Package.............................................................................................................................. 59
    Thumper – Other Legislation.................................................................................................................................. 61
    ---UNIQUENESS---................................................................................................................................................ 63
    FC – Yes................................................................................................................................................................ 64
    FC – Yes – 1NR..................................................................................................................................................... 65
    FC – Yes – Obama PC............................................................................................................................................ 66
    FC – Yes – Geithner Meetings................................................................................................................................ 67
    FC – Yes – A2: McConnell Block.......................................................................................................................... 68
    FC – Yes – GOP – Spending Link.......................................................................................................................... 69
    FC – Yes – GOP – Taxes: Cole.............................................................................................................................. 70
    FC – Yes – GOP – Taxes: Cole – Credibility.......................................................................................................... 72
    FC – Yes – GOP – Taxes – 1NR............................................................................................................................ 73
    FC – Yes – GOP – Unity........................................................................................................................................ 75
    FC – Yes – Dems – Entitlements............................................................................................................................ 76
    FC – Yes – A2: ppl Other Than Boehner/Obama Block......................................................................................... 78
    FC – A2: Norquist Block GOP Deals...................................................................................................................... 79
    ---LINKS & INTERNALS---................................................................................................................................... 81
    Link – Gas Tax....................................................................................................................................................... 82
    FC – Link Magnifier – Spending............................................................................................................................ 83
    FC – Link Magnifier – Details................................................................................................................................ 85
    FC – Internal – PC – Key – Spending..................................................................................................................... 86
    FC – Internal – PC – Bully Pulpit........................................................................................................................... 87
    FC – Internal – PC – Bully Pulpit – Working.......................................................................................................... 88
    ---IMPACTS---....................................................................................................................................................... 89
    FC – Impact Framing – Timeframe – 1NR............................................................................................................. 90
    Impacts - Employment........................................................................................................................................... 91
    Impacts—Global Economy.................................................................................................................................... 92
    Impacts—US Economy.......................................................................................................................................... 93
    Turns Case – Military/Hege.................................................................................................................................... 94
    A2: AFF Solves the Impact..................................................................................................................................... 95
    A2: Plan is included in revisions............................................................................................................................ 96
    2NC Fiscal Cliff Key To Economy........................................................................................................................ 97
    Fiscal Cliff- Global Economy................................................................................................................................. 99
    US Key To Globa Economy................................................................................................................................. 100
    AT: Eurozone....................................................................................................................................................... 101
    2NC- Fiscal Cliff Key To Manufacturing............................................................................................................. 102
    Fiscal Cliff Turns Uncertainty.............................................................................................................................. 103
    CR- Asia Impact................................................................................................................................................... 104
    Asia Impact 2NC-................................................................................................................................................. 106
    1NC / 2NC – F-35 Cuts........................................................................................................................................ 107
    EXT – Yes F-35 Cuts........................................................................................................................................... 109
    EXT – F-35 Key to Air Power.............................................................................................................................. 110
    Turns- Military..................................................................................................................................................... 111
    ---AFF ANSWERS---............................................................................................................................................ 113
    2AC Frontline....................................................................................................................................................... 114
    ---AFF EXT---...................................................................................................................................................... 117
    AFF – FC – No..................................................................................................................................................... 118
    AFF – FC – Obama Not Pushing.......................................................................................................................... 119
    AFF – Obama Not Spending PC........................................................................................................................... 120
    AFF – FC – No – A2: Bully Pulpit........................................................................................................................ 121
    AFF – FC – No – GOP – Taxes............................................................................................................................ 123
    AFF – FC – No – GOP – Taxes: A2: Cole............................................................................................................ 124
    AFF – FC – No – 1AR: Cole/House/Senate.......................................................................................................... 125
    AFF – FC – No – Compromise............................................................................................................................. 126
    AFF – FC – No – Stalled...................................................................................................................................... 127
    AFF – FC – No – Stalled Talks – A2: Geithner Meeting....................................................................................... 129
    AFF – FC – No – Taxes v Entitlements................................................................................................................ 130
    AFF – FC – No – Senate....................................................................................................................................... 131
    AFF – Republicans Have Leverage...................................................................................................................... 132
    ---LAST LAST WEEKS CARDS---....................................................................................................................... 134
    New Programs Link- Lame Duck......................................................................................................................... 135
    Punting Bad.......................................................................................................................................................... 136
    AT: Deal Inev- U O/V L....................................................................................................................................... 139
    January Deadline Key.......................................................................................................................................... 140
    Econ Okay Now................................................................................................................................................... 141
    A2 Immigration.................................................................................................................................................... 142
    Farm Bill – Won’t Pass......................................................................................................................................... 143

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  10. 10.00 USD

    Thursday File- 11/15/2012

    Even though the election is over there is still only one game in town in terms of politics. The fiscal cliff is the only thing Congress is seriously debating and this file covers several issues you need to be on top with tons of breaking political controversies this week. Find out more about the file, author, and table of contents below.
     
     
    This file first covers several important political controversies:
    1. Brings 2AC blocks and negative responses to the Rice controversy
    2. Updates both the AFF and the NEG on the big sex scandal surrounding General Patraeus.
     
    In addition the file:
    3. Provides new links based on the lame duck session.
    4. Impacts getting a deal done before January to avoid inevitability arguments.
    5. Provides several AFF blocks to defend Congress will delay.
     
    This week's author is Francisco Becosme, he debated at Wake Forest University where he appeared in the octofinals of Harvard, Texas, and GSU, and was invited to participate in the prestigious Pittsburgh Round Robin. He has in the past helped the Bronx Science team and has coached numerous successful high school teams.
     
    Thursday File-11-15
     
     
    1NC.......................................................................................................................................................................... 1
    U 2NC...................................................................................................................................................................... 3
    A2 Boehner Blocks................................................................................................................................................ 13
    Punting Bad............................................................................................................................................................ 14
    AT: Thumpers........................................................................................................................................................ 17
    A2 Rice Thumpers................................................................................................................................................. 18
    A2 Patraeus............................................................................................................................................................ 20
    Yes Political Capital............................................................................................................................................... 21
    Short Term Key...................................................................................................................................................... 22
    Capital Key............................................................................................................................................................ 24
    AT: Obama Won’t Push FC.................................................................................................................................... 27
    AT: Deal Inev- U O/V L......................................................................................................................................... 28
    AT: Tax Reform Will Be Separate.......................................................................................................................... 29
    AT: Fights Coming- Lewis...................................................................................................................................... 30
    January Deadline Key............................................................................................................................................ 31
    Econ Okay Now..................................................................................................................................................... 32
    New Programs Link- Lame Duck........................................................................................................................... 34
    2AC- Fiscal Cliff.................................................................................................................................................... 36
    Susan Rice Thumper.............................................................................................................................................. 38
    Patraeus Thumper................................................................................................................................................... 40
    Susan Rice Thumpers............................................................................................................................................. 41
    Won’t Pass- Immigration Reform Thumper............................................................................................................ 42
    Immigration Reform Will Pass................................................................................................................................ 43
    Fiscal Cliff Key To Immigration Reform................................................................................................................ 44
    Economy Impact Inevitable.................................................................................................................................... 45
    PC Fails.................................................................................................................................................................. 46
    Obama Not Key..................................................................................................................................................... 47
    Punt 2AC................................................................................................................................................................ 48
    1AR........................................................................................................................................................................ 49
    Thumpers- Multiple................................................................................................................................................ 50
    1AR- N/U............................................................................................................................................................... 51
    No Sequestration impact......................................................................................................................................... 52
    A2 Immigration...................................................................................................................................................... 54
     
    Last Weeks Cards................................................................................................................................................... 55

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  11. 10.00 USD

    Thursday File- 11/1/2012

    This week will feature the fiscal cliff disad and the election disads. The fiscal cliff is in a pivotal time due to recent election statements that Obama will take a more hardball stance in the fiscal cliff. The strength of this disad still lies on the ability that complete focus of the lame duck will be centered on the fiscal cliff. The fiscal cliff access major impacts and would probably de-fund every aff on this topic it happens quickly as the deadline hits by January 1st and is certain to be around for the remaining of the semester tournaments.
     
    Included are also any answers to possible lame duck disads that might appear such as farm bill.
     
    The election scenario has also been updated. On the bottom although not in the table of contents also includes last week's thursday file to ensure that you have any wavering disad scenarios.
     
    Fiscal Cliff 1NC....................................................................................................................................................... 1
    2NC U Wall.............................................................................................................................................................. 4
    AT: Congress Will Punt It......................................................................................................................................... 6
    Pol Cap Key............................................................................................................................................................. 7
    Political Capital Key................................................................................................................................................. 8
    AT: Depends on the Elections.................................................................................................................................. 9
    AT: Deal Inev- U O/V L......................................................................................................................................... 10
    AT: Tax Reform Will Be Separate.......................................................................................................................... 11
    AT: Fights Coming- Lewis...................................................................................................................................... 12
    Link- Alones the Economy..................................................................................................................................... 13
    U O/V W Link........................................................................................................................................................ 14
    January Deadline Key............................................................................................................................................ 15
    AT: Elections Ensures Fiscal Cliff.......................................................................................................................... 16
    Internal Link 2NC- Delay....................................................................................................................................... 17
    Internal Link- Delay............................................................................................................................................... 19
    Internal New- New Spending.................................................................................................................................. 20
    Internal Link- Riders.............................................................................................................................................. 21
    Internal Links- Opening Up The Budget................................................................................................................. 22
    Internal Link- Sequestration Spending T/O............................................................................................................. 23
    Democrats are key.................................................................................................................................................. 24
    AT- Uniqueness Overwhlems Link........................................................................................................................ 25
    AT- Plan Would Just Be Included Into Revisions................................................................................................... 26
    AT: Plan Can’t Be Brought Up............................................................................................................................... 27
    AT: Votes Ideological............................................................................................................................................. 28
    2NC Fiscal Cliff Key To Economy........................................................................................................................ 29
    Fiscal Cliff- Global Economy................................................................................................................................. 31
    US Key To Globa Economy................................................................................................................................... 32
    AT: Eurozone......................................................................................................................................................... 33
    2NC- Fiscal Cliff Key To Manufacturing............................................................................................................... 34
    Fiscal Cliff Turns Uncertainty................................................................................................................................ 35
    CR- Asia Impact..................................................................................................................................................... 37
    Asia Impact 2NC-................................................................................................................................................... 39
    1NC / 2NC – F-35 Cuts.......................................................................................................................................... 40
    EXT – Yes F-35 Cuts............................................................................................................................................. 42
    EXT – F-35 Key to Air Power................................................................................................................................ 43
    Turns- Military....................................................................................................................................................... 44
    AT: Fiscal Dive/Slop- Impact Turns....................................................................................................................... 45
    2AC- Block Fiscal Cliff.......................................................................................................................................... 47
    Won’t Pass 1AR..................................................................................................................................................... 51
    Kick It- Till Next Congress..................................................................................................................................... 52
    Fiscal Slope Good.................................................................................................................................................. 53
    No Farm Bill........................................................................................................................................................... 56
    Farm Bill Will Pass................................................................................................................................................. 58
    **Elections**......................................................................................................................................................... 60
    Yes Obama............................................................................................................................................................. 61
    Election- Tied......................................................................................................................................................... 64
    Ohio....................................................................................................................................................................... 65
    Florida.................................................................................................................................................................... 66
    Iowa....................................................................................................................................................................... 67
    Pennsylvania.......................................................................................................................................................... 69
    North Carolina........................................................................................................................................................ 70
    AT: Sandy Kills Obama’s Chances......................................................................................................................... 71
    AT: Gallup Poll...................................................................................................................................................... 73
    No Change Extn..................................................................................................................................................... 74
    AT: Plan Overwhelms............................................................................................................................................ 76
    Romney Will Win................................................................................................................................................... 77
    Hurricane Sandy Thumps....................................................................................................................................... 79
    U O/W L................................................................................................................................................................. 82
    Early Voting Not Good Indicators.......................................................................................................................... 84
    Last Week’s Thursday File..................................................................................................................................... 85
    Links.................................................................................................................................................................... 160
    Internal Links....................................................................................................................................................... 202
    NEG Theory......................................................................................................................................................... 217
    Impact Extensions: Syria..................................................................................................................................... 221
    Affirmative Answers............................................................................................................................................ 248
    Impact Answers.................................................................................................................................................... 266
    AT: Ohio DA....................................................................................................................................................... 286
    AT: Non-Elections Politics Arguments................................................................................................................ 288

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  12. 10.00 USD

    Thursday File- Wake/Westminster 9/6/2012

    Opening season Thursday File. This is in my opinion the best politics disad this weekend and the budget/sequestration debate will be one that continues for the rest of the semester. Continuing Resolution will be the only thing that passes before the elections and the multiplicity of different internal link stories makes it an amazing politics to have for this weekends tournaments.
     
     
    TOC......................................................................................................................................................................... 1
    **Continuing Resolution**...................................................................................................................................... 1
    Continuing Resolution 1NC...................................................................................................................................... 1
    CR- Asia Impact....................................................................................................................................................... 5
    Asia Impact 2NC-..................................................................................................................................................... 7
    Will Pass- 2NC......................................................................................................................................................... 9
    AT: Thumpers........................................................................................................................................................ 10
    Internal Link 2NC.................................................................................................................................................. 11
    Internal New- New Spending.................................................................................................................................. 12
    Internal Link- Riders.............................................................................................................................................. 13
    Internal Links- Opening Up The Budget................................................................................................................. 14
    Internal Link- Sequestration Spending T/O............................................................................................................. 15
    Internal Link- Delay............................................................................................................................................... 16
    AT- Uniqueness Overwhlems Link........................................................................................................................ 17
    AT- Plan Would Just Be Included Into Revisions................................................................................................... 18
    AT: Plan Can’t Be Brought Up............................................................................................................................... 19
    AT: Votes Ideological............................................................................................................................................. 20
    AT: Elections Changes Everything......................................................................................................................... 21
    CR Key To Prevent Sequestration.......................................................................................................................... 22
    **Sequestration Impact**...................................................................................................................................... 25
    2NC – National Security......................................................................................................................................... 26
    1NC / 2NC – Heg................................................................................................................................................... 27
    EXT – Heg............................................................................................................................................................. 28
    AT GOP Won’t Cut Military................................................................................................................................... 29
    1NC / 2NC – Deterrence Scenario.......................................................................................................................... 30
    EXT – Yes Modernization Cuts.............................................................................................................................. 32
    1NC / 2NC – F-35 Cuts.......................................................................................................................................... 33
    EXT – Yes F-35 Cuts............................................................................................................................................. 35
    EXT – F-35 Key to Air Power................................................................................................................................ 36
    **Agenda**........................................................................................................................................................... 38
    No Agenda............................................................................................................................................................. 39
    Yes Political Capital............................................................................................................................................... 40
    Yes Bipartisanship.................................................................................................................................................. 41
    CR Won’t Pass....................................................................................................................................................... 43
    CR Not Key To Sequestration................................................................................................................................ 44
    Sequestration Won’t Pass....................................................................................................................................... 45
    Farm Bill- Will Pass................................................................................................................................................ 46
    Farm Bill- Won’t Pass............................................................................................................................................. 48
    Cyber Security- Won’t Pass.................................................................................................................................... 51
    Tax Cuts- Won’t Pass............................................................................................................................................. 52
    Postal Service Reform- Won’t Pass........................................................................................................................ 53
    VAWA- Won’t Pass............................................................................................................................................... 54
    **Elections**......................................................................................................................................................... 56
    Yes Obama- DNC.................................................................................................................................................. 57
    Yes Obama- 13 Factors.......................................................................................................................................... 58
    Yes Obama- PollyVote........................................................................................................................................... 59
    Yes Obama- Polls................................................................................................................................................... 60
    Yes Obama- Economy........................................................................................................................................... 61
    AT: Economy Swings Elections.............................................................................................................................. 62
    Yes Obama- Tight Race.......................................................................................................................................... 63
    AT: DNC Bump..................................................................................................................................................... 64
    Yes Obama- Key Battlegrounds............................................................................................................................. 65
    Yes Obama- Gallup................................................................................................................................................ 66
    Yes Romney- Income Growth................................................................................................................................ 68
    Yes Romney- Unemployment and PCI................................................................................................................... 69
    Election = Tied....................................................................................................................................................... 71
    Tied- CNN.............................................................................................................................................................. 72
    AT: Rasmussen Polls.............................................................................................................................................. 73
    Link Booster- Trajectory Not Squo Matters............................................................................................................ 75
    AT: Economy I/L................................................................................................................................................... 76
    AT: Uniqueness Overwhlems Link......................................................................................................................... 77

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