Please explain how this card says "There is no impact to the Biowpoer Kritik"- I don't understand the connection
Liberal government solvesâ€”biopower must be combined with a concept of racial sovereignty to cause their impacts
Dean, 04 â€“ professor of sociology at the University of Newcastle (Mitchell, â€œFour Theses on the Powers of Life and Death,â€ Contretemps 5, December 2004, http://sydney.edu.au/contretemps/5december2004/dean.pdf)//HK
Second Thesis: It is not merely the succession or addition of the modern powers over life to the ancient right of death but their very combination within modern states that is of significance. How these powers are combined accounts for whether they are malign or benign. According to this view, it is not the moment that life became a political object in the eighteenth century that defined the disturbing features of modern states. Rather, the different ways in which bio-politics is combined with sovereign power decide their character. Certain passages from FoucaultÊ¼s lectures and from the History of Sexuality can be interpreted in this way. In a passage from the latter, Foucault shows that the genocidal character of National Socialism did not simply arise from its extension of bio-power.16 Nazism was concerned with the total administration of the life, of the family, of marriage, procreation, education and with the intensification of disciplinary micro-powers. But it articulated this with another set of features concerned with â€œthe oneiric exaltation of a superior blood,â€ of fatherland, and of the triumph of the race. In other words, if we are to understand how the most dramatic forces of life and death were unleashed in the twentieth century, we have to understand how bio-power was articulated with elements of sovereignty and its symbolics. Pace Bauman, it is not simply the development of instrumental rationality in the form of modern bio-power, or a bureaucratic power applied to life that makes the Holocaust possible. It is the system of linkages, re-codings and re-inscriptions of sovereign notions of fatherland, territory, and blood within the new bio-political discourses of eugenics and racial hygiene that makes the unthinkable thinkable. The fact that all modern states must articulate elements of sovereignty with bio-politics Contretemps 5, December 2004 21 also allows for a virtuous combination. The virtue of liberal and democratic forms of government is that they deploy two instruments to check the unfettered imperatives of bio-power, one drawn from political economy and the other from sovereignty itself.17 Liberalism seeks to review the imperative to govern too much by pointing to the quasinatural processes of the market or of the exchanges of commercial society that are external to government. To govern economically means to govern through economic and other social processes external to government and also to govern in an efficient, cost-effective way. Liberalism also invokes the freedom and rights of a new subjectâ€”the sovereign individual. By Ê»governing through freedomÊ¼ and in relation to freedom, advanced liberal democracies are able to differentiate their bio-politics from that of modern totalitarian states and older police states.