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About Chas

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  • Birthday 06/19/1993

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    Chasity Freeman
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  1. I believe the answer to this is far easier than anyone else has put it: If you don't like things then come back when you graduate. While students are debating they talk about how they do not like the direction that Missouri is going, but the only way to fix this is to come back. Offer your time to a local team (whether that be at practice, researching, or judging at tournaments and hopefully a mixture of all three). When you have this contact with present debaters you are able to at least tell them the way you think debate should look in Missouri. Be involved is the best way to solve the problems you see with Missouri debate.
  2. If I heard correctly Austin McGuire from Camdenton was/is in finals of Congress and Dalton Speak from Marshfield was Top 30 in OO
  3. I will be debating for Missouri State.
  4. Chas

    Summer Plans

    I believe that 5 or 6 of the Marshfield kidds will be attending MSDI.
  5. Big congrats to Sieg and Britt
  6. Chas

    Ozark NFL

    I beleive Waynesville is TNWs. Ozark also has a TNW case, but they say they are breaking new
  7. Chas

    Ozark NFL

    Here's the new Japan aff [b][font=Century Gothic][size=3]Contention 1- The Status Quo[/size][/font][/b] [size=3][b][font=Century Gothic]First, despite protests and promises the [/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic]Okinawa[/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic]prefecture[/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic] of [/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic] is home to the majority of the [/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic]US[/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic] presence in [/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic].[/font][/b][/size] [b][font=Century Gothic][size=3]Pike 10[/size][/font][/b] [font=Arial]John, [/font][b][font=Arial]Okinawa[/font][/b][b][font=Arial], [/font][/b][b][font=Arial]Japan[/font][/b][b][font=Arial] [url]http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/facility/okinawa.htm[/url][/font][/b] [size=3][b][u][font=Arial]During 2004 [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Japan[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] and the [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]United States[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] continued discussions on plans to scale back the [/font][/u][/b][color=blue][b][u][font=Arial]US[/font][/u][/b][/color][b][u][color=blue][font=Arial] military[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] presence in the country. [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Tokyo[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] will ask [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Washington[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] to move some Marines now on the southern [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]island[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] of [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Okinawa[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] outside the country. There is no doubt some changes will be made to the [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Okinawa[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] forces. The [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]US[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] Marines are a tremendous burden in [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Okinawa[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial], particularly the infantry and the training needs of the infantry in [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Okinawa[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] can't really be met on the island, given the sensitivities there. [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Okinawa[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] accounts for less than one percent of [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Japan[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]'s land, but hosts about two-thirds of the 40,000 [color=blue]American forces[/color] in the country.[/font][/u][/b][/size][font=Arial] In recent years, Okinawans have grown increasingly angry about the military presence, because of land disputes and highly publicized violent crimes committed by a few [/font][font=Arial]U.S.[/font][font=Arial] troops. In return for moving troops outside the country, [/font][font=Arial]Japan[/font][font=Arial] would provide pre-positioning facilities for weapons, fuel and other equipment for the [/font][font=Arial]US[/font][font=Arial] military.[/font] [b][font=Century Gothic]The new base sharing isn’t reducing US military presense in Japan it is only shifting it.[/font][/b] [b][font=Century Gothic]The Mainichi Daily News in 11[/font][/b] [font=Century Gothic]Gov't announces Japan-U.S. working group on expanding Okinawa base-sharing[/font][font=Century Gothic][url="http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20110126p2a00m0na007000c.html"][color=#000080]http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20110126p2a00m0na007000c.html[/color][/url] January 26, 2011 (2-1-11)[/font] [b][u][font=Century Gothic]The committee section[/font][/u][/b][font=Century Gothic] also[/font][font=Century Gothic] [b][u]announced that[/u][/b] [/font][font=Century Gothic]in addition to the F-15 fighter training flights to be shifted from Okinawa's Kadena Air Base to Guam,[/font][font=Century Gothic] [b][u]flights now operating out of Misawa Air Base in Aomori Prefecture and out of the U.S. Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni in Yamaguchi Prefecture will also be moved to the U.S. territory[/u][/b] [/font][font=Century Gothic]Regarding the shift of the training flights[/font][font=Century Gothic], [b][u]Gov. Nakaima questioned what effect it would really have, saying, "Up to this point, that's the only part of the military presence that has been reduced, and often those flights moved out are just replaced with new aircraft coming in[/u][/b]. [/font][font=Century Gothic]I won't know the true outcome until the move has been completed."[/font] [b][font=Century Gothic][size=3]Thus the plan- The United States Federal Government, specifically President Obama, will substantially reduce its military presence in Japan by immediately closing the Marine Corps Air Station Futenma and reducing the marine presence in the Okinawa prefecture to 5,000 marines, which will include the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit. Funding, enforcement, administration, and logistics will be through necessary means.[/size][/font][/b] [b][size=3][font=Century Gothic]Contention 2- The plan would solve[/font][/size][/b] [size=3][b][font=Century Gothic]First, if the [/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic]US[/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic] doesn’t leave Futenma all the other bases are at risk. Only closing the base and withdrawing down to 5,000 Marines will solve.[/font][/b][/size] [b][font=Arial][i]O’Hanlon 2k1[/i][/font][/b] [font=Arial](Michael, Director of Research and a Senior Fellow on Foreign Policy at the Brookings Institution, “Come Partly Home, [/font][font=Arial]America[/font][font=Arial]: How to Downsize U.S. Deployments Abroad,” pg online @ [url="http://www.brookings.edu/articles/2001/0301forceandlegitimacy_ohanlon.aspx"][color=#40007e]http://www.brookings.edu/articles/2001/0301forceandlegitimacy_ohanlon.aspx[/color][/url][/font] [font=Times New Roman][b][u]Keeping so many marines on [/u][/b][b][u]Okinawa[/u][/b][b][u] also places a major strain on U.S.-Japan relations, as [/u][/b][b][u]George[/u][/b][b][u]Washington[/u][/b][b][u]University[/u][/b][b][u] Professor Mike Mochizuki has argued and as an increasingly broad swath of the [/u][/b][b][u]U.S.[/u][/b][b][u] defense community now recognizes.[/u][/b] In terms of acreage, three-quarters of U.S. bases in Japan are on Okinawa, taking up almost 20 percent of the land of an island that is small and, as home to more than a million people, densely populated even by Japanese standards. Changes to the base structure agreed to in the 1990s will reduce the acreage of the U.S. bases on Okinawa by only about a fifth, even if they are carried out in full. (Local resistance to moving the marines' Futenma air base has stymied efforts to enact much of the plan.) Meanwhile, marine flights continue in and out of Futenma—located right in the middle of Ginowan City—with the associated risks of accidents. Polls in recent years showed that more than 80 percent of all Japanese consider the Okinawa arrangement undesirable and unfair to local citizens.[b][u] By trying to hold on to all of its bases in Japan, the United States risks causing a backlash and ultimately losing everything, including those facilities with the greatest military benefit for crises in Korea, the Taiwan Strait, or elsewhere—notably, the Kadena Air Force base on Okinawa and U.S. Navy and Air Force facilities on Japan's main islands. [/u][/b][/font][b][u][font=Arial]Washington[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] should therefore scale back the number of marines on [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Okinawa[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] to [/font][/u][/b][font=Arial]about[/font][b][u][font=Arial] 5,000. The 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit should remain, as should enough forces to maintain storage and staging facilities for use in a crisis.[/font][/u][/b][font=Arial] But most other marines should go elsewhere in the region or return home, and most Marine Corps facilities and training ranges should be returned to Japanese use. Compensating steps should be taken, notably increased storage of [/font][font=Arial]U.S.[/font][font=Arial] military supplies on [/font][font=Arial]Okinawa[/font][font=Arial] or on ships in Japanese ports to facilitate rapid deployments in the region. [/font][font=Arial]Tokyo[/font][font=Arial] might well pay for the necessary equipment and many of the redeployment costs. Ideally, [/font][font=Arial]Japan[/font][font=Arial] would also increase its direct military contributions to the alliance. But [/font][b][u][font=Arial]major reductions in the marines on [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Okinawa[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] need not await the normalization of Japanese security policy.[/font][/u][/b] [b][font=Century Gothic]And all disadvantages are inevitable if we don’t withdraw troops [/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic] will kick us out.[/font][/b] [b][font=Century Gothic]Meyer in 09[/font][/b] [font=Times New Roman]G2mil is a collection of articles on military and space affairs, authored by Carlton Meyer, a former Marine Corps officer who participated in military operations around the world. [/font][u][url="http://www.g2mil.com/Japan-bases.htm"][b][font=Century Gothic][color=#000080]http://www.g2mil.com/Japan-bases.htm[/color][/font][/b][/url][/u][font=Times New Roman][i][b]©2009[/b][/i][b][i] (1-3 0-11)[/i][/b][/font] [size=3][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Japan is one of America’s closest allies[/font][/u][/b][font=Century Gothic], [/font][/size][font=Century Gothic]yet[/font][font=Century Gothic][size=3] [b][u]this relationship is threatened by a refusal to accommodate reasonable demands from the Japanese people to close outdated American military bases[/u][/b]. [/size][/font][font=Century Gothic]During the Cold War, the [/font][font=Century Gothic]USA[/font][font=Century Gothic] maintained some 50,000 military personnel in [/font][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][font=Century Gothic] to help defend that nation from the [/font][font=Century Gothic]Soviet Union[/font][font=Century Gothic] and Communist China. Those threats are mostly gone, while [/font][size=3][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic] now fields a first-rate military that can defeat any threat[/font][/u][/b][font=Century Gothic]. [/font][/size][font=Century Gothic]As a result[/font][size=3][font=Century Gothic], [b][u]the Japanese people are less tolerant of the noise and crime produced by large American military bases. President Obama must close some bases before the new Japanese nationalist government demands that all American GIs leave immediately.[/u][/b][/font][/size] [b][font=Century Gothic][size=3]Advantage 1- US/ Japan relations[/size][/font][/b] [b][font=Century Gothic][size=3]First, now is the key time to establish a viable US/ Japanese relationship. Unfortunately, the current failure to resolve the Futenma issue is causing major friction in the relationship.[/size][/font][/b] [b][font=Century Gothic][size=3]Maehara 11[/size][/font][/b] [font=Times New Roman]Seiji Maehara, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan
At the Center for Strategic and International Studies
"Opening a New Horizon in the Asia Pacific" [b][color=#820000]Maehara: 2011 is the Inaugural Year of the New Japan-US [/color][/b][b][color=#820000]Alliance[/color][/b][/font] [font=Times New Roman]Sunday, January 9, 2011 [url]http://www.panorientnews.com/en/news.php?k=642[/url][/font] [font=Arial]Fifty years have passed since the Japan-US Security Treaty was concluded in 1960. This year,[/font][b][u][font=Arial][size=3] 2011, is interpreted as the inaugural year of the new Japan-US alliance which ushers in the next half a century[/size][/font][/u][/b][font=Arial]. The NATO Summit adopted a new Strategic Concept last year, in which new cooperative security in the 21st century was introduced. Likewise,[/font][b][u][font=Arial][size=3] the Japan-US relations, which are the most important in the transpacific relations, must be deepened in transformation to a new alliance responding to the changing strategic environment.[/size][/font][/u][/b][font=Times New Roman] Last December the US Department of State released "The Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR)," which showed the [/font][font=Times New Roman]US[/font][font=Times New Roman] determination to lead the world through civilian power. The QDDR also involved a rigorous review of an effective setup for the implementation of [/font][font=Times New Roman]US[/font][font=Times New Roman] foreign policy, which reminds us of the distinct character of the [/font][font=Times New Roman]United States[/font][font=Times New Roman], that is to constantly aim to improve itself. In particular, it is noteworthy that the QDDR indicates that the [/font][font=Times New Roman]US[/font][font=Times New Roman] takes measures which include strengthening the inter-agency approach to the security areas including conflict prevention, development, peace building, and assistance to vulnerable states by making use of civilian power. I hope that [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman] and the [/font][font=Times New Roman]United States[/font][font=Times New Roman] in close cooperation would promote the rise of civilian power in the Asia Pacific, while making the Japan-US Security Treaty cornerstone of peace and stability. If the Asia Pacific region were to become a driving force for the peace and prosperity in the twenty-first century, we need to bolster the network of civilian power, and see to it that democracy and market economies take root in the region. After all, they have brought the most peace and prosperity to human kind throughout history.

Today I wish to share with you my basic thoughts on how Japan and the US should cooperate with each other in this region, which is going through a period of change, in order to promote the shaping of a new order and to open a bright future under the theme of "Opening a New Horizon in the Asia Pacific."

(Current Situation in the Asia Pacific and its Future Vision)
There is no doubt that the twenty-first century is the era of the Asia Pacific. The three countries of [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman], the [/font][font=Times New Roman]United States[/font][font=Times New Roman], and [/font][font=Times New Roman]China[/font][font=Times New Roman] occupy the top three spots in global GDP ranking. In addition, some estimate that the share of [/font][font=Times New Roman]Asia[/font][font=Times New Roman] excluding the [/font][font=Times New Roman]US[/font][font=Times New Roman] and other Pacific-rim countries as a percentage of global GDP likely will reach 40% in 2030 compared to 25% in 2009.

At the same time, we must remember that the rapidly developing Asia Pacific is fraught with factors of instability and uncertainty. The nuclear and missile development issue of DPRK is a cause for major concern. It should be noted that, as seen in the sinking incident of the [/font][font=Times New Roman]Republic[/font][font=Times New Roman] of [/font][font=Times New Roman]Korea[/font][font=Times New Roman]'s patrol ship "Cheonan" last May, the shelling of the Yeongpyeong island last November and the development of enriched uranium, DPRK these days is escalating the level of its provocation against the region and the international community. In addition, in the case of [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman], we have with DPRK the unresolved issue of the abduction of Japanese citizens.

The rise of Asian emerging economies, while providing opportunities for the economies of [/font][font=Times New Roman]Asia[/font][font=Times New Roman] and the world, also is causing tension against the backdrop of the scramble for resources. In addition, increase in military spending by some countries without transparency has become a factor that could potentially raise tension in the region. Thus, with ongoing multi-polarization among the community of nations we are witnessing a tendency for countries to increasingly pursue their own interests in the absence of a common platform.

The Asia Pacific is a region full of diversity with a multiplicity of ethnicities, cultures, and religions. It is this diversity that is driving the remarkable growth of the region. Diversity, with a misstep, may turn into a conflict. Instead, it is quite possible to bring prosperity in the region by building on diversity a stronger sense of unity and making the region even more dynamic and open. We should build this new order with the fundamental philosophy that developing the Asia Pacific region through cooperation, instead of under hegemony, is indivisible from the long-term interests of the countries in the region.

With this in mind, it will be important to develop institutional foundations embodying the rule of law, democracy, respect for human rights, global commons, and free and fair trade and investment rules, including the protection of intellectual property rights. This needs to be done in addition to developing infrastructure that has underpinned the development and economic growth of the region's developing countries to date.

For example, Indonesia, a country with the world's largest Muslim population, elects its president through direct ballot, and is enjoying political stability as a democratic state by respecting the freedom of speech among others. These developments have made [/font][font=Times New Roman]Indonesia[/font][font=Times New Roman]'s leadership role in ASEAN more dependable. The Bali Democracy Forum organized at President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's initiative is worthy of attention as an Asia-originating commitment to democracy. [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman] highly appreciates it as an attempt in the region to build an institutional foundation called democracy. I myself attended the 3rd Bali Democracy Forum last December on behalf of the Japanese Government and gave a presentation titled "Democracy in Diversity -- Building on [/font][font=Times New Roman]Asia[/font][font=Times New Roman]'s Unique Strength -- ."

Needless to say, whether fast rising emerging economies such as China and India will engage actively in shaping the region's new order with full grasp of the common interests of the international community will be crucial. In particular, as [/font][font=Times New Roman]China[/font][font=Times New Roman] already has grown deep economic interdependence with both [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman] and the [/font][font=Times New Roman]United States[/font][font=Times New Roman], its peaceful development in harmony with the international community will be in the interest of both of our countries. Japan, therefore, takes interest in the role that China will play in shaping a new regional order in the Asia Pacific.

(Roles Expected of Japan and the US)
In consideration of such strategic environment, the Japan-US alliance is vitally important not only to the defense of Japan but also to the peace and stability of the Asia Pacific region as the region's public goods. I highly appreciate that the United States not only has continued to make immeasurable contributions to the region's peace and stability by maintaining an overwhelming presence in the Asia Pacific, but also has been intensifying its engagement in the region under the Obama administration.

The top-priority task today for Japan and the United States, I believe, is to invest our all-out and all-round effort to shape a new order in the Asia Pacific region, which finds itself in the middle of a period of change. The roles of our two countries will not diminish in anyway in the days ahead. In fact, in view of the urgent need to develop "institutional foundations" in the region today, expectations are only rising that we play even greater roles, and I feel the responsibilities on our shoulders are very great.

To date Japan has endeavored to promote various regional cooperation, in addition to making contributions to the sustainable growth of the Asia Pacific through trade and investment, official development assistance (ODA) and others. [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman] will carry on these efforts. In particular, [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman], jointly with the [/font][font=Times New Roman]United States[/font][font=Times New Roman], has considered important ASEAN's centrality in regional cooperation. [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman], therefore, will continue to attach importance to supporting efforts toward ASEAN integration through assistance for the building of an ASEAN Economic Community by 2015 and the strengthening of ASEAN connectivity. At the same time, we are paying particular attention to East Asia Summit (EAS) among the various frameworks that are evolving with ASEAN at the core. [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman] has consistently advanced the idea of [/font][font=Times New Roman]US[/font][font=Times New Roman] participation to EAS and welcomes the official decision of US and Russian participation last year. 

There are some concrete agendas for [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman] and the [/font][font=Times New Roman]United States[/font][font=Times New Roman] to pursue in order to develop institutional foundations in this region. Expanding and strengthening the role of EAS is one of them. EAS so far has seen progress in regional cooperation in the five priority areas of energy, education, finance, disaster management and measures against avian flu. In the days ahead, we wish to bring up for consideration the possible inclusion of security within the scope of EAS. From this perspective we are looking forward to the role that [/font][font=Times New Roman]Indonesia[/font][font=Times New Roman] will play as the ASEAN Chair this year. These, I believe, are in line with the thoughts Secretary Clinton enunciated in her presentations in [/font][font=Times New Roman]Hawaii[/font][font=Times New Roman] in January and October of last year.

The second task is the APEC, which has achieved remarkable progress in creating common platform for the liberalization of trade and investment over the past 20 years or so. We shall build on the "Yokohama Vision," a product of the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting that was held in [/font][font=Times New Roman]Yokohama[/font][font=Times New Roman] last November, and continue close coordination with the [/font][font=Times New Roman]United States[/font][font=Times New Roman], which will chair the APEC process this year, from the vantage of "From Yokohama to [/font][font=Times New Roman]Honolulu[/font][font=Times New Roman]." In [/font][font=Times New Roman]Yokohama[/font][font=Times New Roman], it also was confirmed with regard to "The Pathways to FTAAP (Free Trade Area of the Asia Pacific)" that concrete actions should be taken by way of building on the regional endeavors currently under way. The Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership agreement (TPP) can be regarded in particular as a next-generation type FTA. As such, it can be an important first step towards the realization of an FTAAP. If a framework becomes a reality with major global economies such as [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman] and the [/font][font=Times New Roman]United States[/font][font=Times New Roman] participating, it will have great economic as well as political significance. I regard this also as part of the process of strengthening Japan-US relations. Quite frankly, in considering [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman]'s participation in TPP, [/font][font=Times New Roman]Japan[/font][font=Times New Roman] has to carry out reforms including agriculture, which doubtless will entail difficulties. However, the Government of Japan has decided to launch consultations with the countries concerned, as it believes that the revitalization of agriculture and further opening up of Japan are two objectives that can go hand in hand rather than run counter to each other.

Thirdly, we should establish closer partnerships among countries that are mature democracies with market economies, with a view to building a system of cooperation encompassing both security and the economy. One approach in this regard is the consolidation of networking in the Asia Pacific region. If we can expand the networking among countries which share the rules, we will be able to reinforce the region's institutional foundations. In parallel, we should engage in rules-making efforts for new public space such as the outer space and cyber space, in addition to rules governing the freedom of maritime navigation, intellectual property rights, and open skies.

(Deepening Japan-US Alliance)[/font][size=3][font=Arial]
[b][u]For our two countries to play a central role in order to move in the direction I have suggested, an unshakeable Japan-US alliance will be essential. [/u][/b][/font][b][u][font=Arial]Japan[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] and the [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]United States[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] fell out of step last year over the issue of the relocation of Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Okinawa[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial].[/font][/u][/b][/size][font=Arial]At the same time, dissatisfaction grew among Okinawans over the inability of the Japanese government to turn their wishes into reality. The crucial point is that efforts to gain the understanding of local [/font][font=Arial]Okinawa[/font][font=Arial] community will be essential for the resolution of the issue.[/font][size=3][b][u][font=Arial] It will be essential to not invite a situation that might undermine the functioning of the Japan-US alliance, which has a strategic importance for the region's stability, as the Government of Japan moves forward the relocation of Futenma Air Station while making clear that it will deliver on the Japan-US agreement of May 28th last year. It therefore will be important for both [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]Japan[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] and the [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial]United States[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Arial] to contribute their respective wisdom from medium- and long-term perspectives, and work with unwavering determination to resolve the Futenma relocation issue[/font][/u][/b][/size][font=Arial]. 

From the viewpoint of setting the right environment to manage the bilateral alliance, the understanding reached in principle between the two governments as a result of the comprehensive review of the Host Nation Support for the US Forces in [/font][font=Arial]Japan[/font][font=Arial] is an achievement of the [/font][font=Arial]Kan[/font][font=Arial] and Obama administrations. This major political decision to maintain the current level of support over a five-year period in spite of the harsh fiscal conditions is a reflection of the recognition on the part of the Government of Japan regarding the importance of the Japan-US security arrangements. [/font] [size=3][b][font=Century Gothic]Additionally, a good US/ Japanese alliance solves all the problems the negative will say. It improves deterrence and solves the problems of climate change, terrorism, proliferation, economic decline, ethnic strife, pirates, cyber terrorism, trade, humyn rights, and democracy. [/font][/b][/size] [b][color=#000058][font=Century Gothic][size=3]Waseda 10[/size][/font][/color][/b] [font=Times New Roman]The Enduring Importance of our Security Alliance Ambassador John V. Roos
Waseda University Organization for Japan-U.S. Studies (WOJUSS) event
Waseda University, Tokyo January 29, 2010 [url]http://tokyo.usembassy.gov/e/p/tp-20100129-71.html[/url][/font] [b][u][font=Century Gothic][size=3]There is still much more that we can do together in the future to enhance cooperation, which will in turn provide greater deterrent value at a lower cost. [/size][/font][/u][/b][font=Times New Roman]Prime Minister Hatoyama recently spoke in Singapore about the idea of greater U.S.-Japan engagement with Southeast Asia in response to natural disasters. The United States Marine Corps and Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces can serve together as first responders in regional humanitarian crises[/font][b][u][font=Century Gothic].[/font][/u][/b][font=Times New Roman] When such crises occur, we can and should coordinate our responses as allies, as we are doing with the international community now in Haiti, where Japan is playing a significant and very valuable role in helping to address that terrible tragedy. In addition to supporting our friends in Southeast Asia as Prime Minister Hatoyama has proposed, we should also seek closer cooperation with partners in the region who share our values and objectives. In recent years, the U.S. and Japan have established trilateral dialogues with both Korea and Australia.[/font][size=3][b][u][font=Century Gothic]These multilateral engagements can supplement our efforts to protect sea-lanes, which carry critical energy and food supplies, and defend against ballistic missiles and other threats. The [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]United States[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic] and [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic] can do much more to extend our deterrence to space and cyber-space[/font][font=Times New Roman].[/font][/u][/b][/size][font=Times New Roman]Our two countries maintain a qualitative edge in satellite and computer technology. These technologies can be deployed in coordination in the field of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance. Given the proliferation of potential threats in this area, we just can't afford to duplicate our efforts. [/font][font=Century Gothic]Finally,[/font][size=3][b][u][font=Century Gothic] our partnership can and should extend beyond this region. The flip side of the rise of new global powers is the weakening of state control in large swaths of the developing world. Due to the effects of climate change, population pressures, ethnic strife and the economic crisis, countries from the [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Philippines[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic] to [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Yemen[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic] are struggling to control what happens within their borders. Unfortunately, terrorists, pirates, and criminal organizations are a way of life and have thrived in this environment[/font][/u][/b][/size][font=Times New Roman][b][u][font=Verdana].[/font][/u][/b][font=Verdana] In this inter-connected world, their ability to use places like [/font][font=Verdana]Somalia[/font][font=Verdana], [/font][font=Verdana]Yemen[/font][font=Verdana], and the border regions of [/font][font=Verdana]Pakistan[/font][font=Verdana] to disrupt commerce or carry out cross-border acts of violence makes them a threat to the entire community of nations. Protecting what is becoming known as the "global commons" is emerging as a key security objective. The Maritime Self-Defense Forces of Japan's deployment to the Horn of Africa and its leadership in supporting governance in [/font][font=Verdana]Pakistan[/font][font=Verdana] and [/font][font=Verdana]Afghanistan[/font][font=Verdana] are concrete manifestations of [/font][font=Verdana]Japan[/font][font=Verdana]'s major contribution in this endeavor[/font][/font][font=Century Gothic].[/font][size=3][b][u][font=Century Gothic] Whether it is stopping Iran's dangerous nuclear program or supporting UN peacekeeping operations, Japan and the United States can be more effective when we work together to tackle common challenges[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Verdana][font=Times New Roman]. [/font][/font][/u][/b][/size][font=Verdana][font=Times New Roman]In closing, today, I have focused my comments on the importance of our security alliance and the credible deterrence it provides. But we must always remember that[/font][/font][b][u][font=Century Gothic][size=3]the alliance [/size][/font][/u][/b][font=Verdana][font=Times New Roman]I have talked about is important because it[/font][/font][b][u][font=Century Gothic][size=3]serves a larger purpose - not only peace and security, but also the advancement of human rights, democracy, and the rule of law. Ultimately our military power and objectives underpin these broader purposes.[/size][/font][/u][/b][font=Verdana][font=Times New Roman]And our alliance, at its basic and most important level, succeeds because it is deeply rooted in history, our shared values, and our common view of the world. Since the bitter conflict that our nations endured just 65 years ago, we have come a great distance together, and our people have benefitted immensely from our ever-deepening cultural, educational, and economic ties, broadening our partnership beyond our security agenda that I've talked about today. We can never forget that. And we have a great deal of work left to do in these other areas.[/font][/font][b][u][font=Century Gothic][size=3] There are many global challenges and regional challenges that still confront both our nations, and we must meet them together[/size][/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic].[/font][/u][/b][font=Times New Roman][font=Verdana]In this year of the 50th anniversary of our alliance, we must remain firmly focused on the future and the work that must still be done, not only to maintain but to deepen our alliance. It is simply not acceptable for either of our countries to become complacent. Let me make one final point. Whenever issues have arisen between our two countries in the post-war period, we have always met those challenges in the spirit of cooperation, and our relationship has always emerged even stronger than before. In 1960, major turbulence accompanied the signing and ratification of the treaty we celebrate this year, and yet that treaty has become the cornerstone of our approach to regional security and economic prosperity. History demonstrates that our partnership has the strength and resiliency to meet any challenges that arise. As the United States Ambassador to [/font][font=Verdana]Japan[/font][font=Verdana], I look forward to working with [/font][font=Verdana]Japan[/font][font=Verdana]'s leaders to mark this anniversary year with a redoubling of our joint efforts to strengthen our core security partnership while broadening our cooperation across the range of global concerns[/font][/font][font=Century Gothic].[/font][size=3][b][u][font=Century Gothic] Through our enduring alliance and friendship, our nations will be even safer, the region and the world will be more secure, and we will continue to fulfill and build upon the vision of that historic treaty that was signed just 50 years ago.[/font][/u][/b][/size] [size=3][b][font=Century Gothic]The [/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic]United States[/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic] should close the Futenma base. This will create a new and better alliance with the [/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic]United States[/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic]. [/font][/b][/size] [b][font=Century Gothic][size=3]Bandow 10[/size][/font][/b] [font=Century Gothic]Doug [b]Bandow[font=Century Gothic],[/font][/b] senior fellow at the Cato Institue, [/font][font=Century Gothic][b]05-12[/b][/font][font=Century Gothic]-2010[/font][font=Century Gothic], “[/font][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][font=Century Gothic] can defend itself” published on cato.org [url]http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=11804[/url][/font] [font=Century Gothic]Making fewer promises to intervene would allow the [/font][font=Century Gothic]United States[/font][font=Century Gothic] to reduce the number of military personnel and overseas bases.[/font][font=Century Gothic][size=3] [b][u]A good place to start in cutting international installations would be Okinawa[/u][/b]. [/size][/font][font=Century Gothic]America[/font][font=Century Gothic]'s post-Cold War dominance is coming to an end. Michael Schuman argued in [i]Time[/i]: "Anyone who thinks the balance of power in [/font][font=Century Gothic]Asia[/font][font=Century Gothic] is not changing — and with it, the strength of the [/font][font=Century Gothic]U.S.[/font][font=Century Gothic], even among its old allies — hasn't been there lately." Many analysts nevertheless want the [/font][font=Century Gothic]United States[/font][font=Century Gothic] to attempt to maintain its unnatural dominance. Rather than accommodate a more powerful [/font][font=Century Gothic]China[/font][font=Century Gothic], they want [/font][font=Century Gothic]America[/font][font=Century Gothic] to contain a wealthier and more influential [/font][font=Century Gothic]Beijing[/font][font=Century Gothic]. Rather than expect its allies to defend themselves and promote regional stability, they want [/font][font=Century Gothic]Washington[/font][font=Century Gothic] to keep its friends dependent. To coin a phrase[/font][font=Century Gothic][size=3], [b][u]it's time for a change[/u][/b]. [/size][/font][font=Century Gothic]U.S.[/font][font=Century Gothic] intransigence over[/font][size=3][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Okinawa[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic] has badly roiled the bilateral relationship.[/font][/u][/b][font=Century Gothic] [b][u]But even a more flexible basing policy would not be enough.[/u][/b] [/font][/size][font=Century Gothic]Washington[/font][font=Century Gothic] is risking the lives and wasting the money of the American people to defend other populous and prosperous states. [/font][size=3][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Washington should close Futenma — as a start to refashioning the alliance with Japan[/font][/u][/b][font=Century Gothic]. [b][u]Rather than a unilateral promise by the [/u][/b][/font][b][u][font=Century Gothic]United States[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic] to defend [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic], the relationship should become one of equals working together on issues of mutual interest.[/font][/u][/b][/size][font=Century Gothic]Responsibility for protecting [/font][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][font=Century Gothic] should become that of [/font][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][font=Century Gothic]. Both[/font][font=Century Gothic][size=3] [b][u]Okinawans[/u][/b] [/size][/font][font=Century Gothic]and Americans[/font][size=3][font=Century Gothic] [b][u]deserve justice. It's time for [/u][/b][/font][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Washington[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic] to deliver.[/font][/u][/b][/size] [b][font=Century Gothic][size=3]Advantage 2- Japanese Diplomacy[/size][/font][/b] [size=3][b][font=Century Gothic]Independently, the focus of the Japanese diplomats on resolving the Futenma relocation has hampered the ability of the Japanese government appropriately handle territorial disputes with [/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic]Russia[/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic].[/font][/b][/size] [b][font=Arial][i]Yomiuri Shimbun[/i][/font][/b][b][font=Arial][i]10[/i][/font][/b] [font=Century Gothic]11/3/10[/font][font=Century Gothic] (“[/font][font=Century Gothic]Russia[/font][font=Century Gothic] taking advantage of DPJ-led government”, [url="http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/editorial/T101102003381.htm/greenhill-chris"][color=#40007e]http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/editorial/T101102003381.htm//greenhill-chris[/color][/url][/font] [size=3][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Russian President Dmitry Medvedev visited [/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Kunashiri[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Island[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] in the [/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]northern territories[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] on Monday, ignoring [/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]'s sovereignty[/font][/color][/u][/b][/size][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]. [/font][/color][/u][/b][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]It was quite natural that Foreign Minister Seiji Maehara summoned the Russian ambassador immediately to protest the visit. Medvedev is the first Russian head of state to make such a visit since the Soviet era. Since the Russian president expressed his intention in late September to visit the disputed [/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]northern territories[/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] off [/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Hokkaido[/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic], [/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Tokyo[/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] has expressed strong concern and asked Medvedev not to do so through diplomatic channels. We find it extremely regrettable that he snubbed the request completely and visited the island. Some observers speculate that Medvedev's visit was meant to promote himself as a strong leader and consolidate his power base with an eye to reelection as Russian president in 2012. DPJ has bungled affairs However, that may not be the only reason.[/font][/color][size=3][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Ever since its inauguration last year, the Democratic Party of Japan-led government has strained Japan-U.S. relations over the relocation of the [/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]U.S.[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] Marine Corps' Futenma Air Station in [/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Okinawa[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Prefecture[/font][/color][/u][/b][/size][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]. It also recently failed to effectively deal with the souring of Japan-China relations triggered by the collision of a Chinese fishing vessel and Japan Coast Guard patrol boats off the [/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Senkaku[/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Islands[/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]. [/font][/color][size=3][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Moscow[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] has apparently exploited confusion in [/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]'s foreign policy under the DPJ-led government and tried to suppress [/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Tokyo[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]'s demands that [/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Russia[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] return the northern islands of Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotan and the Habomai group of islets. To change the present situation, Prime Minister Naoto [/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Kan[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] must overhaul the nation's diplomatic strategies, which are based on the Japan-U.S. alliance, as soon as possible. Territorial negotiations between [/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Tokyo[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] and [/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Moscow[/font][/color][/u][/b][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] have been deadlocked for decades.[/font][/color][/u][/b][/size][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] While [/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] has demanded the return of all of the islands, [/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Russia[/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic] only has expressed some ideas based on the Japan-Soviet Joint Declaration in 1956, which agreed just on the return of Habomai and Shikotan islands after the conclusion of a peace treaty between the two countries.Medvedev has so far proposed to take a "creative and flexible approach" toward solving the territorial dispute, which is different from the approach adopted during the Cold War years. However, he has only spoken of this approach and not shown any specific substance.[/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]'s advanced technology and economic cooperation must be very attractive for [/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic]Russia[/font][/color][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic], which is trying to promote development in its Far Eastern region, but [/font][/color][b][u][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic][size=3]Medvedev's latest visit inevitably will chill Japan-Russia relations further.[/size][/font][/color][/u][/b] [b][color=#262626][font=Century Gothic][size=3]We will win on the likelihood of our argument. The best sources show that territorial disputes are the MOST LIKELY cause of war. [/size][/font][/color][/b] [b][font=Century Gothic][size=3]Valeriano 09[/size][/font][/b] [font=Century Gothic](Brandon, Assistant Professor of Political Science, Ph.D. at [/font][font=Century Gothic]Vanderbilt[/font][font=Century Gothic]University[/font][font=Century Gothic], “When States Die: Geographic and Territorial Pathways to State Death,” pg online @[url="http://tigger.uic.edu/%257Ebvaler/When%20Do%20States%20Die%20II%20Final.doc"][color=#0000f6]http://tigger.uic.edu/~bvaler/When%20Do%20States%20Die%20II%20Final.doc[/color][/url][/font] [font=Century Gothic]Due to the salience of territorial disputes (Senese 1996) and their connection to annexation and irredentist movements (Saideman 2001), we believe that territorial disputes are symptoms of when states will be at risk for system exit. [/font][size=3][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Engaging in disputes that will put a state’s territorial boundaries in question is a path towards state ruin. The resulting process will demonstrate that a reliable predictor of state death is the engagement in a territorial dispute or the emergence of a territorial issue. Buffer state status may still be an important predictor of when states die, but there are other factors that have been left unexplored and we hope to uncover them here.[/font][/u][/b][/size][font=Century Gothic]This research represents an expansion of the territorial explanation of war (Vasquez 1993). It demonstrates that the territorial theory of conflict has research fertility in that new questions and answers can emerge from its central logic (Lakatos 1970).[/font][font=Century Gothic][size=3] [b][u]Territorial disputes are typically the most likely causes of war and also seem to be strongly associated with instances of state death. Territory as a process, and key issue at dispute, can explain more than is assumed in international politics.[/u][/b][/size][/font][font=Century Gothic] The relevance and importance of territorial questions has long been ignored in the field and this article is an example of how the process of state death may have territorial elements inherent in the story of such an event. States do not die because they fail economically, fail to provide for social safety nets, or experience environmental destabilization (Homer-Dixon 1999). States often die when they fail to control and settle pressing issues at stake in the realm of foreign policy. We will next examine past research on state death and present our theoretical refinement.[/font] [size=3][b][font=Century Gothic]And The [/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic]US[/font][/b][b][font=Century Gothic] must reduce the military presence in Futenma. Any other policy would cause continued political costs from the Japanese government. [/font][/b][/size] [b][font=Century Gothic][size=3]Matsubara 10[/size][/font][/b] [font=Century Gothic]Mihoko Matsubara is a member of the Young Leaders Program at the Heritage Foundation [/font][color=#4c4c4c][font=Century Gothic]Much Ado About Nothing on Futenma [/font][/color][b][color=#9e5700][font=Century Gothic]August 3rd [url]http://blog.heritage.org/2010/08/03/much-ado-about-nothing-on-futenma/[/url][/font][/color][/b] [size=3][b][u][font=Century Gothic]First, dialogue with [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Okinawa[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic] is important to highlight how the Futenma project reduces the [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]U.S.[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic] military footprint on [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Okinawa[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic] and alleviate local concerns. Any further postponing of this political decision prevents resolution of the issue, invites unnecessary speculation and political costs, and harms Tokyo’s relations with Washington and Okinawa[/font][/u][/b][/size][font=Century Gothic]Second, the Japanese government has to develop and articulate a long-term security strategy. Due to terrorism and piracy threats, additional contributions to international security will be required in the future and[/font][size=3][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Tokyo[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]’s “free ride” cannot continue. It is critical for [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Tokyo[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic] to assign limited resources effectively both to national defense and international contribution.[/font][/u][/b][/size] [size=3][b][u][font=Century Gothic]The Futenma issue rang an alarming bell for [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]Japan[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]’s security strategy and relations with the [/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]United States[/font][/u][/b][b][u][font=Century Gothic]. Now, it is time[/font][/u][/b][/size][font=Century Gothic] for [/font][font=Century Gothic]Tokyo[/font][b][u][font=Century Gothic][size=3]to[/size][/font][/u][/b][font=Century Gothic] devise long-term stratagem and[/font][b][u][font=Century Gothic][size=3] resolve the Futenma issue.[/size][/font][/u][/b]
  8. Chas

    Ozark NFL

    Mtown: Sammy/Shawna- new Madz/Chas- Japan with alliance and russia Jamie/Shane- night raids Cassandra/Allison- night raids
  9. Chas

    MSHSAA District 8

    There will only be 16 teams competing therefore we are only qualifying 3 teams. The winners of semis will qual and then the two teams that lose semis will debate during Finals I assume for the 3rd spot. Good Luck to all
  10. Chas

    MSHSAA District 8

    Both mtown teams will be breaking new affs but with the same countries. Shane and Jamie's previous Afghan cases have been: w/d all and w/d South East Also I think Ozark is trying to cut a new case
  11. Chas

    Republic - CANCELLED

    Actually we aren't even running that case.
  12. Chas

    Republic - CANCELLED

    okay so I'm pretty sure I didn't write the Einar evidence myself and I don't even care anymore especially since this is the site http://www.janhoo.com/skole/university/polsci.html
  13. Chas

    Republic - CANCELLED

    We are cutting a new case
  14. Chas

    Republic - CANCELLED

    Mtown: A. Sammy/Shawna-- Iraq B. Chas/Madz-- Japan C. Jamie/Shane-- Afghanistan Then I think the rest of our teams are going novice
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