I'll just answer this post, since it addresses the major issues and seems pretty cohesive.
First of all, this argument bites you in the ass. Who the hell can honestly say that helping people is bad? There are no heg/soft power links AT ALL on this topic. The BEST you could get is, maybe, some Malthus and a spending disad. You said it yourself - it's our moral responsibility to help Africa, and everyone knows it already. Where's the education? Besides, the aff would just run deont/racism in the 1AC and crush you with it.
Second of all, there's plently of literature on the draft and national public service programs. There are empirical examples in the New Deal programs and in quite a few countries (Europe, Asia, Canada off the top of my head).
You're forgetting several important things.
1. Parametrics - it's not the Aff's burden to prove the whole rez, just a part of it. More on this later.
2. "Comprehensive" isn't a modifier of "national" but of "program" - the easiest and best counterdef is that comprehensive just means all-inclusive, i.e. everyone must take part. When the neg runs their "comprehensive means everything under the sun" violation, you just say depth>breadth, which is what the neg has been doing for the last 40 years. Is that too hard?
3. The meaning of the modifier comprehensive changes according to the Aff's definition of the word "program." A program of comprehensive medical service is a hell of a lot different from a comprehensive draft - there are still multiple 1ACs without having to run whole rez. That means you can parametricize which service you provide, while still having it be comprehensive in the sense that it affects all Americans.
4. Comprehensive is so unbelievably better than substantially - I could skip stones off of Sally Struthers' head and be topical under the Africa resolution.
I'm sorry, what? So military overstretch and the eventual destruction of all life on earth as a result of China's invasion of Taiwan isn't a pressing matter? The debate about public service vs. individual rights has never been more pressing. It's a major factor in every election (the draft, healthcare), deals with the key issues of poverty and class-based oppression (public works and service), and is key to reviving the US' stagnating economy (public works projects) as well as reviving national pride (all affs, with Rorty impacts maybe?)
Anyway, since when is Africa so unknown? I remember my grandma (who is 65) telling stories about how HER MOTHER would say "there are kids in Africa who would love those unfinished yams" or some such. Granted, it's a shitty example, but the general American populace has had awareness and a direct motivation to action about Africa for something like the last century. Where's the unique education?
1. This is debate. If you don't want to have to debate the K and are too much of a wuss to get some fucking impact turns and write a 2AC block, you lose. And complaining about Ks only means you aren't good enough to beat them. I love beating the K, frankly (not that anyone runs it in Oregon).
2. There are several simple, cut-and-dried K debate solutions for next year
- Do real research and actually win on the impact turn level
- Do fake research, find a few Rorty cards, and still win
- MAKE UP 2AC BLOCKS! Who cares if there's no literature by the national service authors? Analytics are just as good on the K.
- Util frontline
3. I quote, "the national service topic forces affs into a defense of government policy and a defence of the subordination of citizens' choices to that policy". NO SHIT. The point of the entire resolution is to defend an idealogically conservative point of view. Debates in which the 1AC rolls hard left and the other rolls "harder" left are neither interesting nor insightful, but rather dogmatic and non-educational. It's called DEBATE, and sometimes you have to defend things you'd rather not. PLEASE quit now if you don't like it.
4. If you're concerned about negative repetitiveness, you just don't take into account the sheer inventiveness of many of those who run the K and the affs who like to beat them on it. NO ONE!!! no matter how good they are can run only biopower the entire year and not be beaten on it. Aff teams wise up, it's not like they forget what someone has been running for the last five tournaments. 2AC blocks get longer, 1AR blocks get written, and hundreds of pages of evidence get churned out "just to beat that annoying biopower team." Besides, there isn't just biopower. Let's start a list, shall we?
Objectivism (ah, good times)
Foucault/Biopower/State of Exception/Whatever
This took me all of 30 seconds, and I'm only a noobish, mostly non-critical Oregon debater. Anyone more experienced want to have a go?
Even if you're right and the neg will run the same K all year, the same is true for the Africa topic with Patriarchy/Imperialism masking.
National Service the single best resolution I've seen (proposed or debated) since I joined debate during the Marine Resources topic. Don't screw this one up.