1 pointWhat Baitalle wrote ^ quality user. To add onto this, and connect humanism and Hartman's thoughts, Hartman believes that "empathy" is created when people view the spectacle of Black violence and slavery. Hartman, argues that people who view documentaries of slavery and violence begin to feel for themselves rather than the genocide(d?) peoples. This "ease of empathetic identification" as Hartman puts it “requires that the white body be positioned in the place of the black body in order to make this suffering visible and intelligible”, meaning the space isn't expanded, merely the suffering is reenacted, arguing that there is a "sadistic pleasure" to be gained from watching Black genocide. She equates spectators to witnesses (although she does acknowledge there is a slight difference). I'd suggest reading Hartman, while also having a background in liberalism. She makes a lot of arguments applying facets of liberalism usually applied to the general "other" to the black body, and it's probably a pretty valuable read for antiblackness debaters. It'll give you hella links, at the very least.
1 pointSometimes uniqueness evidence does two other things: 1) projects out into the future (ie there is an agreement to balance our spending or say CBO projections about the budget deficit declining over time) 2) sometimes the uniqueness helps shape the overall story--either contributing to the brink (now is the key time) or the link story--you break the current budget agreement--which potentially opens up the floodgates. 3) you can also use the uniqueness to frame/deflect certain types of uniquness claims by the aff..... It may be best to hold those economy uniqueness cards back (but not necessarily--it depends on how much you want to reveal AND what you plan on going for). 1) You want to move the debate to an impact turn debate.....you might want to read the econ uniqueness. Although to be honest....I'm not sure most 2acs are that agile.....or they are over-confident in their own economy uniqueness. 2) Its easier just to read an economy uniqueness wall in the block--do know that you don't want to overdo it--or at least be ready for the affirmative to concede and say "uniqueness overwhelms the link" The other way to generate uniqueness--or make it less an issue: 1) counterplan 2) disad turns the case 3) case turns or other types of solvency implications 4) offense/defense 5) comparisons of the link level versus the actual size. Or distinctions about perception. 6) overall impact comparison & credibility 7) ethical claims/must reject 8) Linear link--or an each and every link 9) multiple levels of uniqueness (world economy, US economy, spending levels/future spending levels)--you probably need a story to explain how you view this working. This works with politics disad....on issues of Obama political capital versus issue specific uniqueness. Issue specific uniqueness usually wins the day if the negative can explain this argument (especially with a counterplan). The 4 most effective however to make uniqueness less relevant: 1) counterplan that solves 99% of the case + offense 2) disad turns the case (or otherwise making the case debate mute) 3) distinctions about offense & defense 4) winning the uniqueness debate
-1 pointsget a jaw transplant
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