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Does anyone know of any good materialism authors?

 

 

 

                                                               - Thanks, 

                                                                    Payton 

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the cards at http://www.bolshevik.org/ are some of the best cap k answers to race that I've  ever seen too.

 

Do you have any articles or essays in particular in mind when you say that? I've been (passively) looking for some decent literature that concludes in that tune but there are a TON of essays on that site!

 

Also the earnestness of these people in their orthodox marxism is almost admirable if it didn't seem so...anachronistic, I guess, to me at least. It's refreshing though!

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Do you have any articles or essays in particular in mind when you say that? I've been (passively) looking for some decent literature that concludes in that tune but there are a TON of essays on that site!

 

Also the earnestness of these people in their orthodox marxism is almost admirable if it didn't seem so...anachronistic, I guess, to me at least. It's refreshing though!

 

Everyone reads the same one poorly cut card from this article, when in reality it is a goldmine of cards. Most of the articles from which cap k cards are cut are worth reading. For example, http://www.redcritique.org/WinterSpring2006/puttingmaterialismbackintoracetheory.htm and  http://www.redcritique.org/WinterSpring2006/crisisandcontradictioninglobalizationdiscourse.htm and Istvan Meszaros, “Structural Crisis of Politics,†Monthly Review, September 2006.

 

Here are the actual best cards I've ever cut in debate:

 

 

 

The history of discrimination against ethnic Others is not rooted in skin color or geographic location but various strands of historical development that were united in the form of economic discrimination. Racism as it is understood in the modern era has its roots in 12th century ideological expressions of violence against the nascent capitalist merchant class, in the form of Anti-Semitism. The mentality of European colonialism and the birth of racism as we know it is positively and historically correlated with the advent and speed of economic development. 

 

We’ll pre-empt you – racism pre-dates arguments misunderstand the ways ethnic discrimination manifest before capitalism. Old forms of discrimination were color blind and based on religion or military might, not ethnicity. Racism as a biological concept developed entirely from class discrimination.

IBT in 1993. “Capitalism and Racismâ€. 1917, journal of the International Bolshevik Tendency. Issue 12. Published November 1993. http://www.bolshevik.org/1917/no12/no12capitalismandracism.html CFC

//we do not agree with gendered language. We actually vehemently hate it.

Racism did not originate from a single source, but rather from a combination of several strands of historical development that came together into an ideology with considerable persuasive power. Racialism drew upon existing cultural and national prejudices, and pre-capitalist notions about nature and hierarchies, which were gradually adapted to new economic and social developments. It has been widely observed that the Mediterranean civilizations of antiquity were "color blind": "The Greeks and Romans attached no special stigma to color, regarding yellow hair or blue eyes a mere geographical accident, and developed no special racial theory about the inferiority of darker peoples qua darker peoples. H.L. Shapiro notes that 'modern man is race conscious in a way and to a degree certainly not characteristic previously,' and points out that in earlier societies the ability to see obvious physical differences did not result in 'an elaborate orientation of human relations within a rigid frame of reference."  —Frank M. Snowden Jr., Blacks in Antiquity, 1970 The slave societies of the ancients were oppressive and often xenophobic. Yet the entire concept of "race," as it is now commonly understood, was alien to them. Slavery in these societies was not defined by color, but chiefly by military fortune: conquered peoples were enslaved. The rulers of medieval Europe were also largely "color blind." Religion provided the touchstone for the medieval world: the crusades were launched against unbelievers, not against Arabs. Similar wars against "heathens" and heretics were conducted throughout Europe, for example, the campaigns of the Teutonic Knights from the 13th to 15th centuries to crush the Prussians (non-Christian Baltic Slavs), or Pope Innocent III's crusade against the Albigensians. Anti-Semitism: Pioneer of Racism Anti-Semitism, an ideological expression of the economic interests of the nascent capitalist class within medieval society, was the pioneer of racism. In early feudal Europe international trade was largely carried on by Jews who maintained commercial connections with the Near East. By the twelfth century the Jewish merchants were being displaced by Christians and were forced into moneylending ("usury"—something that in theory Christian merchants could not indulge in) and other more marginal activities. Abram Leon (a young Belgian Trotskyist militant who perished in the Holocaust) noted that anti-Semitism developed in tandem with the growth of capitalist activity within feudal society: "The definitive expulsion of the Jews took place at the end of the Thirteenth Century in England; at the end of the Fourteenth Century in France; at the end of the Fifteenth Century in Spain. These dates reflect the difference in the speed of economic development within these countries.... "Feudalism progressively gives way to a regime of exchange. As a consequence, the field of activity of Jewish usury is constantly contracting. It becomes more and more unbearable because it is less and less necessary." "...the Jews were progressively expelled from all the western countries. It was an exodus from the more developed countries to the more backward ones of Eastern Europe. Poland, deeply mired in feudal chaos, became the principal refuge of Jews driven out of every other place."  —Abram Leon, The Jewish Question: A Marxist Interpretation Anti-Semitism has proved a persistent form of racism, one that has nurtured (and been nurtured by) almost all subsequent forms. It developed a way of looking at the world which was generalized in the era of European colonial expansion. In Elizabethan England the ideas and images of racism were only partially developed. This is reflected in Shakespeare's rather ambivalent attitude toward race. In The Merchant of Venice, Shylock, the Jewish usurer, is treated as a villain. Othello, a black Moor, is portrayed sympathetically as an articulate, intelligent and introspective human being. There is a suggestion that Othello's downfall may be rooted in his passionate and temperamental Moorish nature, but this tendency is  alanced by a presentation of other, more complex aspects of his character:"When you shall these unlucky deeds relate,  Speak of me as I am; nothing extenuate,  Nor set down aught in malice: then must you speak  Of one that loved not wisely but too well;  Of one not easily jealous, but, being wrought,  Perplex'd in the extreme; of one whose hand,  Like the base Indian, threw a pearl away  Richer than all his tribe...."  —"Othello," Act V, Scene II It is difficult to imagine a Victorian writer creating as complex a black character as Othello. Stereotypes could be vehemently derogatory or relatively, if patronisingly, sympathetic, but they all presumed that biology determined destiny, for individuals as for "races."

 

 

 

Root Cause – European Mindset / Slavery

European colonialism and the resulting slavery was only first an economic process responding to the need for cheap labor in the new world. Because slavery lacked an ideological justification and contradicted Enlightenment values of equality, capitalist society created a wall of color to justify exploitation on the basis of race. Slaves were first an exploited economic class and only as a direct result became inferior on the basis of race.

IBT in 1993. “Capitalism and Racismâ€. 1917, journal of the International Bolshevik Tendency. Issue 12. Published November 1993. http://www.bolshevik.org/1917/no12/no12capitalismandracism.html CFC

//we do not agree with gendered language. We actually vehemently hate it.

By the mid-19th century overt racism was mainstream academic orthodoxy. The growth of racialist consciousness in Europe was a direct result of colonial expansion and the resultant demand for cheap labor for the plantations. Chattel slavery, resurrected to exploit the resources of the new world, persisted far into the 19th century in the U.S. The few Europeans who ended up as semi-slaves in the New World had usually lost their citizenship because of convictions for petty crime. The demand for slave labor was not met in the homelands of the colonial powers, largely because the ruling classes feared the resulting social turmoil. The surplus population of European peasants was eventually utilized for wage slavery, whereas the aboriginal peoples of Africa and South America, whose darker skin color was an indelible identifying mark, provided the solution to labor shortages in the New World. Slavery clearly required an ideological justification, for it was contrary both to the formal teachings of Christian charity and the notions of the inalienable "rights of man" propounded by the ideologues of the market and the Enlightenment: "The slaves were in an inferior position economically. Gradually, white slaveowning society constructed a wall of color: that it was not the mode of slave production which was to be despised, but the slave: that the reason the black skin was the mark of the slave was that it was first the mark of human inferiority. "In this manner the class problem of slavery became complicated and confused by the color question. The slaves, besides being an exploited social class, became, in the perverted thinking of the dominant society, an inferior race as well." 

 

 

Viewing race independent from class inverts cause-and-effect – racism is bourgeois in two ways: 1) historical origin and 2) social function in providing rationale and naturalization for economic hierarchies.

IBT in 1993. “Capitalism and Racismâ€. 1917, journal of the International Bolshevik Tendency. Issue 12. Published November 1993. http://www.bolshevik.org/1917/no12/no12capitalismandracism.html CFC

//we do not agree with gendered language. We actually vehemently hate it.

Racism, like other forms of capitalist ideology, reflects the reality of social oppression and exploitation, but it inverts cause and effect. It is bourgeois not only in its historic origins, but also in its social function—providing a rationale for the misery, suffering and injustice which are an inevitable part of the free-market package. Peoples that were enslaved, conquered or dispossessed, are not victims of an irrational social order, but rather doomed by biological predetermination. Racism is one of the key means by which the economic and social hierarchies of the capitalist world are ideologically "naturalized." At the top of the pyramid, because of their fitness to rule, sit white, bourgeois men. The rest of the world—whether female, black, Asian or even the white male working class—are to the ruling class as children to parents. There has always been a close connection between racism and male supremacist ideology.

 

 

 

 

Ordering Arguments – Alt Comes First

Even if we don’t win a root cause claim, we’ll win several reasons why the alternative must come first.

 

First is political imagination. Cross-Apply the Johnston 2004 evidence that capitalism literally constrains our ability to imagine new political futures. The structuring principle of our political reality is Capital, and prevents us from imagining new political communities free of oppression – means that the alternative must come first to open up new spaces for political thinking of ANY KIND.

 

Second is militarism. Capitalism makes it impossible to solve racism because capitalism uses racism as a tool stir the working class into supporting the military adventurism, war and competition which are necessary to maintain the economic system.

IBT in 1993. “Capitalism and Racismâ€. 1917, journal of the International Bolshevik Tendency. Issue 12. Published November 1993. http://www.bolshevik.org/1917/no12/no12capitalismandracism.html CFC

//we do not agree with gendered language. We actually vehemently hate it.

Racism and nationalism are also used to prepare the working class for new military adventures and slaughters. Racist sentiments are being stirred as the pressure of international inter-imperialist competition heats up. Xenophobia is on the upsurge across the globe, as the supposed leaders of the working class in every nation throw in their lot with "their own" rulers against foreign competitors. The treatment of Japan in the capitalist mass media in both Europe and America is crudely and transparently racist. Japanese workers are dismissed as mindless robots—oblivious to the finer things in life and pathetically loyal to their companies. The Japanese capitalists are no better with their depiction of North American workers as lazy and indigent, and their tendency to attribute the decline of U.S. capitalism to race mixing. Exposing the idiocy and vileness of racist ideas is both important and necessary. But ultimately racism cannot be eradicated simply through debate or education. The ideology of race is an inextricable component of the historical development of this exploitative economic system. The fight against racism is therefore organically connected to the revolutionary struggle to up root the capitalist social system, which has created and perpetuated it, and to create an egalitarian socialist world order in which cooperation, not competition, is the norm. Only in such a society, based on the rational planned organization of production sufficient to meet the essential needs of all, will every human being, regardless of color, gender, or nationality have the opportunity to develop themselves to the fullest. Only under socialism will racial prejudice and discrimination be eliminated once and for all.

 

 

Third is Naturalization. The bourgeois uses racism to rationalize and naturalize exploitation of certain sectors of worker while simultaneously destroying class conscious – racism is a necessary ideological product of a bourgeois society which means the alternative must come first.

IBT in 1993. “Capitalism and Racismâ€. 1917, journal of the International Bolshevik Tendency. Issue 12. Published November 1993. http://www.bolshevik.org/1917/no12/no12capitalismandracism.html CFC

//we do not agree with gendered language. We actually vehemently hate it.

The resilience of racism as an ideology stems primarily from its function in preserving and rationalizing the capitalist order. It legitimizes the glaring disparity between the democratic ideology of equal opportunity and the reality of systemic discrimination, prejudice and oppression. Individual capitalists benefit in a direct and immediate fashion by paying some categories of workers (typically non-white, immigrant and female) substandard wages. Such discriminatory practices, in the eyes of the biological determinists, are, if not equitable, evidently "natural" and thus must be accepted. By splitting the workforce along racial and gender lines, the capitalists create the illusion of privileges for white male workers. Yet even in the short term the cost of these "privileges" far outweighs their minimal benefits for white workers; for by dividing the working class, the price of labor is forced down across the board. The racism that pervades capitalist society and infects the working class is not a "natural" thing, nor is it simply the product of ignorance or lack of education. Racist attitudes (like homophobia, sexism and nationalism) are fostered within the working class by the myriad educational and ideological processes of bourgeois society, and are passively accepted (when not enthusiastically promoted) by the class-collaborationist parasites who dominate the unions, and other mass organizations of the working class. Karl Marx once observed that labor in a white skin would never be free while labor in a black skin was branded. For the working class to advance its own interests, it must champion the cause ofall the oppressed. Workers who imagine that they benefit from the relatively greater oppression faced by other sectors (blacks, women, immigrants, etc.) forge their own chains.

 

And, two independent implications of the IBT evidence –

 

First, singling out those who suffer from racism as some relatively-greater oppression only leads to the Oppression Olympics and prevents collective action against any form of oppression because of the divisiveness.

 

Second, anti-capitalism is a better rallying banner for fighting ALL forms of oppression because it allows for the broadest representation of the oppressed. Some are oppressed by racism but EVERYONE is oppressed by capitalism.

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Stephen Tumino is possibly the hardest hardcore orthodox marxist around.  Teresa Ebert and Dana Cloud are two other good people to look into for this

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Stephen Tumino is possibly the hardest hardcore orthodox marxist around.  Teresa Ebert and Dana Cloud are two other good people to look into for this

Hmmm Tumino, I wonder where I've seen that name before...

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Stephen Tumino is possibly the hardest hardcore orthodox marxist around.  Teresa Ebert and Dana Cloud are two other good people to look into for this

 

Ebert is great on Gender. Also Mas'uad Zavarzadeh incinerates post-structuralism.  For education impacts/framework Peter McLaren is great. Thats 5 huge authors. Follow the individuals they cite and the individuals who cite them and you'll pretty much find all there is.

 

The classics like Alexandra Kollontai, Lenin, and Harry Haywood can give you some deep context.

 

And of course the legends Karl and Freddy whose theory was just...too...STRONK!

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Ebert is great on Gender. Also Mas'uad Zavarzadeh incinerates post-structuralism.  For education impacts/framework Peter McLaren is great. Thats 5 huge authors. Follow the individuals they cite and the individuals who cite them and you'll pretty much find all there is.

 

 

Can you direct me towards some lit on that front?  I've never found anything that connects orthodox marxism to education.  The closest i can find is giroux, but he's hardly a marxist

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Can you direct me towards some lit on that front?  I've never found anything that connects orthodox marxism to education.  The closest i can find is giroux, but he's hardly a marxist

Giroux may not be an orthodox communist, but his statements on education are hardly mutually exclusive. His point that public space is necessary for democracy jives entirely with socialism(reform)/communism(revolution). Peter MacLaren and Zavarzadeh are what you want. If you got dough get the books and if you got access get journal articles with their name in the byline.

 

 

 

 

 

 

edited: got Mas'ud's name wrong in first version

Edited by freewayrickyross

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