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Peripeteia

How to run one off kritik?

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One off K needs to be nebulous. "Sup judge, look at all these links" just makes you look like a total douche.

 

You need to combine your Ks. Empire+Security+Foucaultian in one gooey 1NC would be a one off strat.

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One off K needs to be nebulous. "Sup judge, look at all these links" just makes you look like a total douche.

 

You need to combine your Ks. Empire+Security+Foucaultian in one gooey 1NC would be a one off strat.

 

This is asinine. The strengths of 1-off are as follows:

 

1. It gives you ample time to develop your argument. Instead of awful, blippy claims or poorly explained high-theory, you have the time to explain your interactions with the aff, the framework to the criticism, how the ballot is involved, and why the criticism is relevant.

 

2. 1-off gives you 8 minutes to read lots of quality evidence on your position to establish its credibility. This does not necessarily mean reading 50 bad cards anymore than it means reading 4 really really long ones, but you DO have the time to develop a lot of support for your position such as why the alt might be competitive with the case, why the impact turns the case, why the link makes the case irrelevant, etc. You can use this time to say "i know why my K is a good idea and the argument is very relevant to the 1AC"

 

3. There are really only 15 arguments against any given K. After a while the 2AC will likely just run out of unique, diverse arguments to make and start to repeat themselves, contradict themselves, or just say things that aren't responsive. This in no way implies the entire 2AC will be non-responsive or anything else as derogatory, but rather that there are just a finite number of arguments most aff teams are prepared to defend until the 2AR, so the block will likely be able to effectively group much of the 2AC.

 

4. Go deep! If you frontload your best offense in the 1NC, you have plenty of time in the block to explain it all and introduce impact calculus, which will make an efficient 2NR much much easier because you merely have to point to analysis given in the block and compare it to the best possible 2AR perversion of 1AR arguments. In more concrete terms: a large and well-developed 1NC will set up a 2NC to extend, explain, and apply arguments. Then the 2NR does not have to waste time explaining why "ontology first" takes out the affs offense, they only point to that part of the block ("extend our 3rd impact from the 2NC, questions of ontology precede the case because [claim from the 2NC], [and then insert the implication to winning this argument"). For me, the debate looks like this:

1NC: introduce and explain concept

Block: apply concepts to the case

2NR: impact calculus on why your application of concepts to the case means you win.

 

In essence, you are "going deeper" on the K in each consecutive speech.

 

 

5. Sometimes you just gotta say "sup judge, look at all these links" - if you are debating a performance team that claims to tear down capitalism, and your best argument against that is some hardcore straight-up MARXISM, then you're going to want to read every single link you have to beat the link and prove the internal link turn to the case (i.e. that they increase capitalism). In this instance, 1-off can be strategic because it sets up the conclusion of the debate in the 1NC. Namely, the conclusion of the debate will be the link vs. link turn, and you begin that calculation on a large level in the 1NC. This effectively says to the judge "I understand where this round will be going and I am fully prepared to debate their best argument". In the marxism example, each of those link cards is a solvency deficit to the case and a DA to the permutation - arguments absolutely vital to the 2NR. For reference, you can replace "look at all these links" with "look at all these impacts" or "look at all these tricks" when necessary (for example, reading Empire against a Heg Good aff, I would focus my 1NC on the impact level, the transition debate, and the uniqueness level of heg instead of reading a lot of links because the aff will be in no position to link-turn)

 

6. The judge will totally know what's going on. If you read 1-off and the argument is still lost on the judge, either you're super unclear, your tags blow, or your judge is just plain ole' dumb. One of those things will ruin your speech regardless of content and one can't be changed, so hopefully your tags are doing good. 1-off gives the judge little wiggle room to say "well i just didn't get it" if you think they may be prone to that kind of "check out" strategy when judging a K. Especially with judges who are wishy-washy on the K, a strong 1-off position can illuminate the debate in ways they may not be used to, which could drastically change their opinion of Ks for your round. Truly something valuable given the lack of good prefs in high school debate.

 

7. Less risk of a contradiction - security K + heg good DA in the 1NC? Might have some trouble there. 8 minutes of Security? Not likely going to be a problem (don't be stupid and you're good)

 

8. No conditionality bad!

 

9. 1-off doesn't have to preclude a case debate. This isn't "offense" for reading 1-off, as much as a reminder that literally every debate for all time that didn't involve a case debate could have been improved by attacking the 1AC. Maybe you do that in your links, but it sure does look nice to actually do that on the advantage flows...really, just a suggestion/advice

 

10. David Michael Mullins does it, and I heard that guy drinks Tiger-Blood milkshakes for breakfast. You hear that?! MILKSHAKES! FOR BREAKFAST! That guy is not to be trifled with.

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Lots of insight above.

 

1) Argument categories. Knowing that you can divide arguments into one of 4 categories/buckets can help you organize your speech and enhance your clarity.

(about 7 years ago Scotty P did a post on e-debate--in the summer of 2003. I don't know if he would amend these thoughts as debate has come a while since then--but the core concept is the same)

 

2) Diving the block. (Responsibilities) I think dividing up the block is perhaps the most complicated part with a one off strategy. I think some teams run topicality or spec (to lock in the link), their "one off", and a couple of misc. Ks on the case (most without alternatives) just the links & case turns. (although ususally there is some synergy between the oncase & the original K).

 

Reading evidence on the case helps it appear that you are actually answering the case. Obviously most folks drop this on solvency--but also developing analytics links from cards in the harms/ advantages/solvency to your K can solidify the link and make the permutation rather difficult. Sometimes you only need to site the most egregious examples & because this has the potential to get redundant.

 

Generally if you're reading case turn type arguments here--its hard for the aff to generate offense here (unless they are hiding an answer that answers your K). Its important you and your partner get clear on the most important args. your opponents are making on the case as often the 1NR takes a large section of these.

 

3) How the 1N fits in. Helping your partner get clear on the arguments. There is really no excuse in a one-off style strategy for the 1n not to get your argument or know every single possible answer and the answers to those answers.

 

4) Role of the ballot = huge. Get clear on the role of the ballot. Invest time here in the 1NC.

 

5) Rhetoric & Style (Swager) Make it entertaining for the judge as much as possible with interesting and creative overviews.

 

6) Understanding (Distinctions, Depth, and Nuance) Take the time to get really familiar with the arguments--and the warrants and types of arguments on both sides of the debate. This will make the depth of your explanations and distinctions clearer and even elegant. (obviously you have a lot more time to focus on enhancing your rhetoric, debate skills, non-verbals, etc...)

 

7) Just an FYI be ready for teams to go all in (or almost all in) on a particular strategy (for instance lots of impact turns & generic framework & offense on your alternative). Your K will probably answer their claims.

 

8) Strategic Frame. Rememeber to still divide up the topic by types of cases (critique vs. straight up affs) as well as advantage & country specific. You might also think of easy cheat sheets you can make for yourself to add debate to the debate.

 

This also allows you to develop "ownership" of the arguments.

 

Question...Maury...how did you maintain situational awareness in these debates? Often when the 2ac is done with the K--the 2n will write out answers. How did you make sure you know what is going on in the rest of the debate? (so you're not surprised in the 1AR or 2AR).

Edited by nathan_debate
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Sorry to ask another question before the first one is finished being answered, but how does one know (if they 2-4 off in the 1NC) to kick everything else and have 13 minutes of K in the block?

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When is it strategic to run a one off K? (other than the example given above about Marxism vs K affs)

Edited by Chaos

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Question...Maury...how did you maintain situational awareness in these debates? Often when the 2ac is done with the K--the 2n will write out answers. How did you make sure you know what is going on in the rest of the debate? (so you're not surprised in the 1AR or 2AR).

 

If it's 1-off, this doesn't ever happen....if it's not, the 2N should just keep flowing until the 2AC is over. The extra 2 minutes of prep time are never worth the possibility of dropping offense somewhere else in the debate.

 

BTW, splitting the block is very easy when both partners are competent: david and I just draw a line and he answers everything up to that point in order, I answer everything after it. That way the 1N never looks like a tool, always gets to read offense, and gets to effectively utilize their 45 minutes of prep before the 1NR. That prep time = I can cover as many arguments in the 1NR as he can in the 2NC because I get to rework my speech into the time allotted.

 

When is it strategic to run a one off K? (other than the example given above about Marxism vs K affs)

 

Whenever you need the strategic advantage of one of the reasons I've listed. I think 1-off is particularly useful if your K has a lot of gas against a particular 1AC. For example, on the poverty topic against a medicade aff, a big ole' K of western medicine with links that answer solvency, an impact that turns the case, and an alt that solves the case, it would have been smart to 1-off so the debate could be crystallized around that offense early.

 

Sorry to ask another question before the first one is finished being answered, but how does one know (if they 2-4 off in the 1NC) to kick everything else and have 13 minutes of K in the block?

 

Much like pornography, you know it when you see it. Though I think a good indicator is if the 2AC doesn't have any specific evidence on your K and just reads things like framework, prag, realism, etc. Then it might be strategic to give a vertical block on just the K because you can likely "straight turn" all of those arguments and overwhelm the 1AR by a large enough margin that the 2NR won't be impossible.

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When is it strategic to run a one off K? (other than the example given above about Marxism vs K affs)

when you're better then the team and you know your stuff

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