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anybody got an allAfrica subscription? i will give you the DA i cut with it!!!

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im lookin for an article on all africa by the title of "Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa 2005" if anyone can get me this i will give them lots of files of their choice

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I think this is it

-JGuha

 

 

Africa News

 

September 12, 2005 Monday

PanAfrica;

U.S. Support for African Agricultural Development Lagging

 

BYLINE: Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa

 

LENGTH: 1256 words

 

 

 

U.S. financial support for African agriculture has been stagnant since 2000 and lags far behind substantial increases in foreign aid for other purposes, according to a report on U.S. agricultural development assistance issued today by the Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa and Resources for the Future.

There is renewed recognition by U.S. and African political leaders and experts that agriculture is critical to future economic growth and poverty reduction in Africa, but total U.S. agricultural development assistance for Africa has grown only by an estimated 2% in real terms since 2000. According to the report, the United States spent approximately $514 million in agricultural development assistance for Africa in 2004, compared to $459 million in 2000. The Partnership report defines "agricultural development assistance" broadly, to include any activity that helps foster agriculture-led economic growth, ranging from natural resource management and improved farm productivity to rural roads and trade policy.

 

 

USAID, the lead development agency, has focused more of its available development assistance funds in Africa on agriculture and achieved an estimated real increase of 9% from 2000 to 2004 in its total funding for agricultural development. But USAID's gains are offset by absolute reductions in funding for African agriculture by other agencies through which the United States provides such funding.

The stagnant U.S. funding for Africa's economic development stands in stark contrast to dramatic and important increases in funding for health programs in Africa. USAID's funding for health programs in Africa grew by 61% in the same time period, from $295 million in 2000 to $474 million in 2004. The 61% increase excludes additional, substantial funding contributions to health issues from the Bush administration's commitment of $15 billion over five years to fight HIV/AIDS and U.S. participation in the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria.

The report noted that competing policy and political considerations limit the total amount of resources available for agricultural development assistance and also how most resources can be allocated. Strong congressional earmarks direct how at least 90% of USAID's Development Assistance account must be spent. Some earmarks relate to rural Africa, but restrict programming flexibility because of their terms. These include earmarks for trade capacity, micro-enterprise, biodiversity, and plant biotechnology. These are important areas in general for agricultural development but may not match specific country priorities. "The impact of these congressional earmarks," said Julie Howard, executive director of the Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa and report co-author, "is to reduce the flexibility of development assistance programs to respond to the most important needs at the field level and, thus, undermine the effectiveness of assistance."

"While increased expenditures for health programs in Africa are critical, agricultural development in the region must not be allowed to fall by the wayside," noted Peter McPherson, USAID administrator in the Reagan administration and founding co-chair of the Partnership. "Food and health are both high priorities and highly interdependent. Without adequate food, people will never be healthy. Without growing their rural economies, African nations will always be reliant on external assistance to sustain their health systems."

"A precise accounting of U.S. expenditures for African agriculture is impossible, but the trends are unmistakable," said Michael R. Taylor, senior fellow at Resources for the Future and Transatlantic Fellow of the German Marshall Fund, the report's principal co-author. "Flat funding leaves a large gap between the policy-level embrace of agriculture-led economic growth in Africa and actual investments necessary to make it happen."

Report authors emphasize that U.S. assistance is only part of the public investment picture for African agriculture. It is a means to the end of fostering private investment and private entrepreneurial activity. Yet assistance from developed countries is urgently needed to promote sustainable economic growth.

"African leaders have taken the important step of committing ten percent of their budgets to agriculture and rural areas, where three-quarters of their populations live and work," said Ambassador A. Diop, Ambassador to the U.S from Mali and co-chair of the African Ambassadors' Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. "The United States and other donors now have the opportunity to collaborate with African governments, farmers and agribusinesses to create the conditions for real poverty- and hunger-reducing growth in the only region of the world where poverty is still increasing." The authors recommend that the U.S. should:

* Invest More in Economic Growth - Assistance to African agriculture should grow at least as fast as overall foreign development assistance and at least double to 10% or more of USAID-managed development assistance by 2009.

* Foster Local Ownership of the Development Process - USAID should expand its program and budget support funding for agricultural development in countries that have committed to a clearly defined development strategy and have installed the systems required to manage resources with transparency and accountability.

* Reduce Political Overhead - Congress and the administration should review and reform the policies governing sourcing and shipping of food aid, U.S. procurement preferences, and reliance on U.S.-based vendors so that more of the resources appropriated for agricultural development assistance reach the ground.

* Reduce Fragmentation - USAID should take the lead among U.S. agencies to mount larger and more focused programs within countries and within the region, taking advantage of all available U.S. resources and managed by fewer vendors, to ensure that the U.S. investment adds up to meaningful improvement in the public goods required to build a successful agricultural system.

* Develop a Coordinated U.S. Strategy to Support Agriculture-Led Economic Growth in Africa -The USAID administrator should lead the development of and propose to Congress a cross-agency plan that defines funding priorities and outlines how agricultural development resources will be spent in a coordinated manner to foster broad-based economic growth and poverty reduction.

* Improve Transparency, Accountability, and Focus on High-Impact Programs with Longer Time Horizons to Achievement - The USAID Administrator should develop and implement a consistent reporting mechanism that documents levels of U.S. assistance for agriculture-led economic growth and poverty reduction in Africa on an annual basis, across all agencies with related programs; progress against indicators of substantive progress established in the comprehensive cross-agency plan; and assesses the projected long-term impact of funded projects.

o Develop a New Funding Mechanism - The principles underlying the MCA go a long way toward insulating long-term investment for development from the congressional earmark process and competition with the crisis or political priority of the day, but its scope remains limited. Congress and the administration should create a similar, unearmarked fund specifically for Africa targeted at supporting rural economic growth in countries that meet specific criteria.

 

 

Copyright 2005 AllAfrica, Inc.

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I can't tell, but I think you wanted a particular article by The Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa, rather than an article by that title? I found a September 2005 article by Michael R. Taylor and Julie A. Howard called "Investigating in Africa's Future: U.S. Agricultural Development Assistance for Sub-Saharan Africa" that says "© 2005 Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa." It's 338 pages long, but it doesn't require a subscription. The pdf is here. (http://www.africanhunger.org/uploads/articles/ab119510183f8e254629783f67ea6abe.pdf.)

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